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GS-III :

An air-tight case: On Pulwama attack case charge sheet

  • 28 August, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

An air-tight case: On Pulwama attack case charge sheet

Context

  • The National Investigation Agency has filed a chargesheet against 19 people including Maulana Masood Azhar, the leader of the terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), for planning the Pulwama attack.

About Pulwama Attack:

  • The Pulwama attack was a dastardly terror attack on a Central Reserve Police Force convoy in Pulwama, Kashmir, that killed 40 personnel, in February 2019.
  • JeM claimed responsibility immediately after the attack in February 2019.
  • The chargesheet details the role of the JeM’s handlers and its local associates in Kashmir and how the attack was in the works since 2016.
  • The investigation, based on forensic evidence, makes a thorough claim on JeM’s and Pakistan’s role in the attack.
  • The Indian agency claimed explosives used in the attack came from Pakistan but Pakistan claimed the material was sourced from within the region of Jammu and Kashmir.

Chargesheet:

  • The JeM’s role was in reconnaissance, training and indoctrination.
  • The group could not have procured and transported the high-intensity explosives without the involvement of the Pakistani security establishment.

Impacts of Pulwama Attack:

  • The Pulwama attack was followed by the bombing of a terror training centre in Balakot in Pakistan by the Indian Air Force and retaliatory airstrikes by Pakistan.
  • These have resulted in a breakdown of diplomatic ties and deterioration of every aspect of relations between the already strained relations between India and Pakistan.

Way forward:

  • The Pulwama investigation could present an opportunity for Pakistan to initiate meaningful changes in its approach towards cross-border terror, and reform its deep State.
  • This is essential for Pakistan considering its continued grey-listing at the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), as well as the presence of the names of hundreds of Pakistani terror groups and individuals on UN terror lists.
  • For the Indian Government, the chargesheet presents a case not just for detailing the role of Pakistan and its proxy actors in Kashmir, but to re-evaluate its strategy.
  • Withdrawal of the special status of Jammu & Kashmir, the detention of scores of political leaders including mainstream actors; and the continuing restrictions on access to broadband Internet have deepened the alienation.
  • The prevention of terror attacks will entail addressing the roots of alienation that contribute recruits to the cause of terrorism.

 

Source: TH

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