01 Dec, 2021
39 Min Read
|GS-II||Swadhar Greh and Portal for Transgender Persons||Government policies and interventions|
|GS-III||Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (AB-HIM)||S&T|
|How to promote Renewable Energy Sources in India?||Economic Issues|
|National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy||Economic Issues|
Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched the National Portal for Transgender Persons and inaugurated Garima Greh, a shelter home for transgender persons.
Definitions of ‘person with intersex variation’ and ‘transgender person’ have been provided to include trans men and trans women (whether or not such person has undergone sex reassignment surgery, hormone or other therapy).
Transgender Protection Cell:
Medical Care Facilities:
Offences and Penalties:
Ministry has initiated 12 pilot shelter homes namely Garima Greh: for Transgender Persons and provided financial assistance to community-based organizations (CBOs) for setting up of these shelter homes. These pilot shelter homes are located in the States of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes a sub-scheme -‘Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Welfare of Transgender Persons. One of the components of the sub-scheme is the setting up of Garima Grehs (Shelter Home for Transgender Persons) with the aim of setting up of atleast one Garima Greh in each State.
One Garima Greh is already functional at Jaipur in the state of Rajasthan.
The National Health Mission is envisaged to establish a fully functional, community-owned, decentralized health delivery system with inter-sectoral convergence at all levels. NHM aims to provide universal access to equitable, affordable and quality health care mainly focusing on primary and secondary care. However, PM-ABHIM is the largest pan-India scheme for strengthening healthcare infrastructure across the country which focuses on the primary, secondary and tertiary care services. The major aim of PM-ABHIM to establish a health system which is responding effectively to the future pandemics/disasters.
Under the scheme, there is a provision for setting up of Integrated Public Health Labs (IPHLs) in all 730 districts across the country (upto FY 2025-26) with the outlay of Rs 1482.60 Crore which includes Rs 990.40 Crore as Central Share and Rs 492.20 Crore as State Share.
At present, the Government has set a target for achieving 175 GW of Renewable Energy capacity by the year 2022. A total of 150 GW of renewable energy capacity (including large hydro) has been installed in the country to date. Further, projects of 63.64 GW capacity are under various stages of implementation and 32.06 GW capacity are under various stages of bidding. Therefore, a total of 245.70 GW capacity has either been installed or under various stages of implementation /bidding.
Under the Ministry’s Renewable Energy Research and Technology Development Programme, various research institutions and industries are provided financial support for carrying out renewable energy research including the development of new technologies like hybrid solar-wind technologies. The Ministry encourages research and technology development proposals in collaboration with the industry and provides up to 100% financial support to Government/non-profit research organizations and up to 50% to Industry, startups and Private Institutes.
A research project entitled “Integrated Wind and Solar Resource Assessment through Mapping and Measurements” has been sanctioned to the National Institute of Wind Energy, Chennai with a total cost of Rs 17.99 crore. Under this project, integrated wind-solar measurement stations at 23 locations have been commissioned and a Solar Wind hybrid map has been prepared.
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