02 October, 2019
15 Min Read
|GS-II||In last five years, Swachh Bharat mission has captured people’s imagination.|
|SC/ST judgment, in review|
|Why 2005 declaration on synergy between government and NGOs is still relevant.|
|States at Centre||Economic Issues|
GS-II: In last five years, Swachh Bharat mission has captured people’s imagination.
In the last five years, India has transformed from being the highest contributor to global open defecation to torch-bearer for global sanitation.
Key pillars behind the success of SBM:
Political leadership – Inspired by the top leadership and commitment, various chief ministers took up the cause. Leaders at all levels are prime catalysts for large-scale transformations.
Public financing – Over Rs 1 lakh crore was committed to ensuring universal access to sanitation, thereby backing the political will with budgetary support.
Partnerships – SBM (G) partnered with implementers and influencers — national and international development agencies, media houses, civil society, celebrities, as well as all departments/ministries of the government of India.
People’ participation – SBM-G trained over half a million swachhagrahis, who triggered behaviour change in every village in India.
SBM-G brought in a unique blend of young professionals and experienced but driven bureaucrats, and each person became committed to the goal.
Behavior change – SBM-G engaged extensively with the media, leveraging popular culture, and associating Bollywood stars, sportspersons and other influencers to promote the message of sanitation.
GS-II: SC/ST judgment, in review
Review of a judgment
Why was the SC/ST Act enacted?
Why reviewed now?
GS-II: Why 2005 declaration on synergy between government and NGOs is still relevant.
The idea of NGOs started in the 90s. It held that apart from the government agencies, corporates, the cooperative sector, and other citizens could get together for common developmental causes.
Role of NGOs:
The decision at Bhopal – 8 principles:
It prepared eight declarations based on eight principles:
If we decide to plan again with the large number of new schemes that were declared after planning was abolished, we must reinvent these principles.
GS-I: D28 iceberg
A more than 1,500 sq.km. D28 iceberg recently broke off Antarctica.
The east of Antarctica where D28 broke off is different from the west of the continent and Greenland, which are rapidly warming due to climate change.
Not related to Climate Change
GS-II: States at Centre
In recent times, economic discussion in India has focused largely on the stress on central government finances. But state government finances are also facing headwinds.
State of states’ finance:
Challenges facing state finances
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