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04 November, 2019

12 Min Read

GS-I :
‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ atlas and CFLOWS- Chennai

Syllabus subtopic: Disaster and disaster management.

News: Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu recently unveiled the ‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ atlas and the ‘Coastal Flood Warning System App (CFLOWS-Chennai)’ for flood mitigation in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Prelims and mains focus: Features, need for and significance of the Atlas and CFLOWS.

About Red Atlas Action Plan Map

  • It is a first of its kind ready reckoner map, prepared by Union Ministry of Earth Sciences to aid state government of Tamil Nadu in effective flood mitigation in Chennai which witnessed the worst deluge in 2015.
  • The atlas is aimed at flood mitigation, preparedness, operations and management aspects.
  • The manual besides showcasing the probable scenarios for different rainfall periods also provides information on corporation wards that are likely to be affected due to flooding, and the areas that may need evacuation in Chennai by taking into account all historical datasets.

Coastal Flood Warning System app for Chennai (CFLOWS- CHENNAI):

  • Launched by NIOT.
  • It is India’s first integrated coastal flood warning system.
  • It is an integrated GIS-based decision support system to provide forecast on potential inundation 10 days in advance.
  • It will be hosted and made operational at National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) with meteorological data inputs from India Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) and Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS).
  • The system can simulate the scenario and predict what will happen in a particular area.

Source: The Hindu

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GS-II :
Registration mandatory to enter Meghalaya

Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

News: Meghalaya has brought an ordinance that makes registration on entry mandatory for visitors who intend to spend more than 24 hours in the state.

Prelims and Mains focus: Changes introduced and overview of MRSS Act, Inner Line Permit (ILP)- features, significance and issues.

Issue:

  • An amendment to the Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act, 2016 has been passed to include this provision amid demands for an inner line permit (ILP) system to stop illegal immigration into the state.
  • Exemption: Central and state government employees are exempt from the new entry rule.

Why this move?

The amendment comes in the backdrop of demands by civil society and political leaders, that people excluded from the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam might try to enter Meghalaya.

Background:

Meghalaya Residents Safety and Security Act (MRSSA) 2016 aims to ensure the security of the tenants as well as the safety and security of the citizens of the state.

  • It provides for verification and regulation the tenants residing in rented houses in the state.
  • It also establishes District Task Force and Facilitation Centres for effective enforcement of various laws for the safety and security of the citizens.

About Inner Line Permit

Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document required by Indian citizens residing outside certain “protected” states while entering them. The ILP is issued by the Government of India and is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states. With the ILP, the government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.

Genesis of ILP:

  • ILP’s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873, which protected the British Crown’s interest in tea, oil and elephant trade.
  • It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.
  • After Independence, in 1950, the word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizens of India and the focus of the ban on free movement was explained as a bid to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.
  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • It can be issued for travel purposes solely.

Source: The Hindu

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GS-II :
SCOJTEX-2019

Syllabus subtopic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

News: The latest edition of Shanghai Cooperation Organization Joint Exercise on Urban Earthquake Search & Rescue is being held in India.

Prelims and Mains focus: SCO- objectives, members, functions, significance, various organs and issues associated, SCOJTEX.

Key facts:

  • Hosted by NDRF (National Disaster Response Force).
  • Aim to rehearse the disaster response mechanism, share knowledge, experience, technology & also for mutual coordination, etc.
  • The participants of all 08 member countries namely China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan shall be participating in this exercise.
  • Main focus shall be to test the region’s preparedness and resilience towards effective activation of Inter- governmental interaction for immediate response.

About SCO:

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai.

  • Founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The cooperation was renamed to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation after Uzbekistan joined the organisation in 2001.

  • The SCO’s main goals are: strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states; promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.

  • Presently, the SCO comprises eight member states, namely the Republic of India, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan.

  • The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Mongolia.

  • The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

Source: Indian Express

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GS-III : Economic Issues Banking
Global Microscope on Financial Inclusion Report

Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

News: The Economist Intelligence Unit has released the 2019 edition of Global Microscope on Financial Inclusion report.

Prelims focus: Key findings, about the report, about EIU

Mains focus: Challenges for India and ways to address them.

  • The 2019 edition of Global Microscope report features 11 new gender focussed indicators that measure financial inclusion for both women as well as men.

India- specific observations:

  1. India is among top nations with most conducive environment for financial inclusion in terms of allowing non-banks to issue e-money, proportionate customer due diligence and effective consumer protection.
  2. The overall environment for financial inclusion has improved globally with India, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay and Mexico having the most favourable conditions for inclusive finance.
  3. Within the overall framework for promoting digital financial inclusion, the report identified four basic enablers – allowing non-banks to issue e-money, presence of financial service agents, proportionate customer due diligence and effective financial consumer protection.
  4. India was among the top countries that safeguard e-money via some sort of deposit insurance or protection.

Efforts by India:

  1. In India, the Reserve Bank has prepared a draft National Strategy for Financial Inclusion to deepen financial services’ coverage in the country.
  2. The long-awaited strategy is expected to be finalised in 2019 and will cover a five-year period.
  3. The RBI has set up a high-level committee to review the existing status of digitisation and devise a medium-term strategy for increasing digital payments.
  4. In August 2019, the RBI released the Enabling Framework for Regulatory Sandbox (RS), which creates the basis for a regulatory sandbox that will allow fintech start-ups to live-test innovative products and services.

About the report:

  • Produced by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the research and analysis division of The Economist Group.

  • Created in 1946 and is the world leader in global business intelligence.

  • The Microscope report was first published in 2007 and was originally developed for countries in Latin American and Caribbean regions but in 2009 it was expanded into a global study.

  • The report is a benchmarking index that assesses enabling environment for financial access in 55 countries across 5 categories.

  • Five parameters across which countries are assessed:

  1. Government and Policy Support.
  2. Products and Outlets.
  3. Stability and Integrity.
  4. Consumer Protection.
  5. Infrastructure.

About EIU

  • The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is an organization that provides forecasting and advisory services to assist entrepreneurs, financiers, and government officials.
  • The EIU offers its clients detailed analyses and forecasts for 205 countries.
  • One of the EIU's specialties is consulting tailored to its clients' specific business intelligence needs.

Source: The Hindu

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