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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-II :
  • 01 November, 2019

  • 2 Min Read

UNESCO Creative City

Syllabus subtopic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

News: Hyderabad figures in UNESCO List

For Prelims: about UNESCO Creative City Network

For Mains: the benefits of UNESCO list for the city

Benefits and Significance

  • Two Indian cities has now been officially designated as a UNESCO Creative City– Hyderabad in Gastronomy category, Mumbai in Film category.

  • It is among the 66 new cities named by the UNESCO in the list of new Creative Cities, which aims at pushing the Sustainable Development Goals through innovative thinking and action.

  • The designation of Hyderabad in the creative cities’ list would bring new opportunities and turn the focus on the city’s rich culinary heritage and tradition.

  • The industry employs 12% of the Hyderabad city’s population either directly or indirectly

UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

  • UCCN was created in 2004 to promote cooperation with and among cities that have identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban development.

  • The 180 cities which currently make up this network work together towards a common objective: placing creativity and cultural industries at the heart of their development plans at the local level and cooperating actively at the international level.

  • Also, cities are championing sustainable development actions that directly benefit communities at the urban level.

  • Sustainable Development Goal 11 aims for Sustainable Cities and Communities.

  • The network covers seven creative fields: crafts and folk arts, media arts, film, design, gastronomy, literature and music.

World Cities Day 2019

  • The United Nations General Assembly has designated the 31st of October as World Cities Day.
  • The theme for World Cities Day, 2019 is, “Changing the world: innovations and a better life for future generations”.

About UNESCO

  • UNESCO was formed on 16th November 1945, and it is a specialised agency of the United Nations.

  • The main purpose of UNESCO is to contribute to the peace and security in the world by promoting education, science, justice, human rights and culture.

  • There are about 195 countries who are member states of UNESCO, and 11 associate members.

  • UNESCO has cluster offices, national and regional offices. The cluster offices often cover more than 3 nations.

  • The Headquarters is located in Paris, France.

  • The five major programs include education, human science, natural science, communication and culture.

Source: The Hindu


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