05 August, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-I||India enters 37-year period of demographic dividend|
|From Plate to Plough: In the shade of solar trees.||Economic Issues|
|GS-II||The judicial presumption of non-citizenship|
|Bigger and Better On number of Supreme Court Judges.|
|GS-III||Forest right act case|
|Biometric Token System|
|Genome India Initiative|
GS-I: India enters 37-year period of demographic dividend.
Why it matters
What is demographic dividend?
Harnessing a golden opportunity
Gs- III: From Plate to Plough: In the shade of solar trees.
The recent statement of our Finance Minister about transforming Annadata (farmer)into an Urjadata (producer of solar power) in her maiden Budget speech.
Annadata Becoming an Urjadata:
The recent statement of Finance Minister on doubling farmer’s income is the idea of making the annadata an urjadata. This model will be much more inclusive and can help augment their incomes significantly. The two variants of this are:
Replacing all pump sets with solar pumps
One, replace all pump-sets, especially diesel ones, with solar pumps and the excess power generated through solar panels can be purchased by state governments at a price that gives the farmer a good margin over his cost of producing solar power.
Growing solar trees
Second, encourage farmers to grow “solar trees” on their lands at a height of about 10-12 feet in a manner that enough sunlight keeps coming to plants below.Under this variant, the farmer can keep growing two irrigated crops as he has been doing, but the solar tree generates a lot of excess power that can be purchased by the state government.
What surveys show
A global survey on this shows that it is being practiced in many countries from Japan to China to Germany, and India is ripe for this.
GS-II: The judicial presumption of non-citizenship.
Innocuously framed as resolving a “perceived conflict” between two paragraphs of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, the judgment little reported in the media nonetheless had significant consequences for the ongoing events in Assam surrounding the preparation of the National Register of Citizens (“the NRC”).
Process concerning citizenship.
The issue arose because, in the State of Assam, there are two ongoing processes concerning the question of citizenship.
Foreigners Tribunals – The first includes proceedings before the Foreigners Tribunals, which have been established under an executive order of the Central government.
NRC – The second is the NRC, a process overseen and driven by the Supreme Court. While nominally independent both processes nonetheless bleed into each other, and have thus caused significant chaos and confusion for individuals who have found themselves on the wrong side of one or both.
Problems with judgement and tribunals
1. Establishment –Foreigners Tribunals were established by a simple executive order.
2.Qualifications- Qualifications to serve on the Tribunals have been progressively loosened and the vague requirement of “judicial experience” has now been expanded to include bureaucrats.
3. No specific process –Most importantly, under the Order in question (as it was amended in 2012), Tribunals are given sweeping powers to refuse examination of witnesses if in their opinion it is for “vexatious” purposes, bound to accept evidence produced by the police, and, most glaringly, not required to provide reasons for their findings.
.Presumption of non-citizenship- What the rhetoric and the holdings of the Sonowal judgments have created is a climate in which the dominant principle is the presumption of non-citizenship.
Dehumanisation – Apart from the absurdity of imposing such a rule in a country that already has a vast number of marginalised and disenfranchised people, it is this fundamental dehumanisation and devaluation of individuals that has enabled the manner in which the Foreigners Tribunals operate, the many tragedies that come to light every week in the context of the NRC, and judgments such as Abdul Kuddus.
The right to life – It is clear that if Article 21 of the Constitution, the right to life, is to mean anything at all, this entire jurisprudence must be reconsidered, root and branch.
GS-II: Bigger and Better On number of Supreme Court Judges.
The article provides a critical analysis of Union Cabinet’s decision about increasing the strength of the judiciary and suggests for the focus of the Supreme Court on its role as interpreter of the Constitution.
About Supreme Court of India:
Recent Decision of increasing the number of Judges:
Benefits of the move:
Measures to solve the Issue:
GS-II: Forest right act case
What is the FRA case before the Supreme Court?
What are the proposed amendments to the IFA?
Who are the petitioners, and what is their contention?
The Western and Central Railways have introduced a new Biometric Token System (BTS) that seeks to streamline the process of boarding unreserved coaches.
Biometric Token System (BTS)
Why such move?
Why use BTS?
GS-III: Genome India Initiative
India is planning to launch its first Human Genome Mapping project.
What is Genome?
The project is to be carried out in two phases:
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