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11 Aug, 2020

12 Min Read

Alexander Lukashenko wins Belarus election

GS-II : International Relations Europe

Alexander Lukashenko wins Belarus election

  • Long-serving Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko has won a sixth term, the central electoral commission said, after elections marred by violence as police cracked down on opposition protesters.
  • The country's central election commission announced on Monday that all the ballots had been counted and Lukashenko took 80.23 per cent of the votes, while his main opposition challenger Svetlana Tikhanovskaya had 9.9 per cent.
  • Tikhanovskaya, a 37-year-old stay-at-home mother and political novice, galvanised the opposition during the election campaign, attracting tens of thousands of supporters to the ex-Soviet country's biggest demonstrations in years.
  • A former Soviet collective farm manager, Lukashenko has ruled the country since 1994 but faces the biggest challenge in years to keep his grip on power with some voters believing strongly that it is time he stood down.
  • He has cast himself as a guarantor of stability but is battling a wave of anger over his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic, the economy, and his human rights record.
  • Tikhanovskaya entered the race after her husband, an anti-government blogger who intended to run, was jailed. Her rallies have drawn some of the biggest crowds since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Foreign observers have not judged an election to be free and fair in Belarus since 1995.
  • Human rights groups say more than 1,300 people were detained in the crackdown ahead of the election, including independent election observers and members of Tikhanovskaya's campaign team.

Source: TH

Postinfo app

GS-II : Government policies and interventions Government policies and interventions

Post info app

Minister of Communications & Information Technology Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad has launched India Post’s mobile app for mail tracking.

The new Post info app, developed by the Centre for Excellence in Postal Technology, provides facilities for: mail item tracking; post office searches; and a calculator for postage costs, insurance premiums and interest.

According to India Post, the app can be used to track the following types of mail items:

• Speed Post

•Registered Letter

•Insured Letters, etc.

Source: TH

Instrument Landing System (ILS)


Instrument Landing System (ILS)

  • An instrument Landing System (ILS) is defined as a precision runway approach aid based on two radio beams which together provide pilots with both vertical and horizontal guidance during an approach to land.

Source: TH

All 9 tribal freedom fighters museums to be ready by end of 2022

GS-I : Art and Culture Places in NEWS

All 9 tribal freedom fighters' museums to be ready by end of 2022

As per the statement released by the ministry, two of the nine museums sanctioned for the tribal freedom fighters are already nearing completion and the rest of them are at the different stages of progress.
The largest of these museums have been built in Rajpipla in Gujarat at a cost of Rs. 102.55 crores.

The government has been planning permanent museums in the states where Tribals had lived, struggled against the British rule, and had refused to bow down so that the upcoming generations may know tribals had lived far ahead in making the sacrifices.

States where Tribal Freedom Fighters Museum have been sanctioned:

S. No










Andhra Pradesh









Madhya Pradesh










Mualngo, Kelsih

Source: Ministry of Tribal Affairs

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