11 October, 2019
12 Min Read
|GS-II||It is still an amber light for road light.|
|Techno-Politics: Focus on China’s facial recognition technologies.||International Relations|
|GS-III||Going down together||Economic Issues|
|Assam tea estates violating labour laws||Economic Issues|
GS-II: It is still an amber light for road light.
The Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill , 2019 passed by the Lok Sabha on 23 July and Rajya Sabha on 31 July has 63 clauses with the aim of reducing road traffic fatalities and injuries in India.
‘MOTOR VEHICLES (AMENDMENT) BILL 2019’:
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2019
The Bill has amended the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to provide for road safety.
Salient features of the Act are:
Road safety: The bill has increased penalties for traffic violations and offences like juvenile driving, drunken driving, driving without licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, overloading etc. Penalty to be increased by 10% every year.
Vehicle Fitness: The Bill has mandated automated fitness testing to reduce corruption for vehicles and introduced penalty for deliberate violation of safety/ environmental regulations.
Recall of vehicles: Defective vehicles will be compulsorily recalled. The manufacturer will either will reimburse for full cost or replace the defective vehicle.
Road Safety Board: A National Road Safety Board will be created to advise the central and state governments on all aspects of road safety and traffic management.
Protection of Good Samaritan: The bill defines ‘Good Samaritan’ is defined as a person who renders emergency medical or non-medical assistance to road accident victims. Guidelines have been incorporated to prevent their.
Cashless Treatment during Golden Hour : The time period of up to one hour following a traumatic injury, during which the likelihood of preventing death through prompt medical care is the highest.
Compulsory insurance: Motor Vehicle Accident Fund to be constituted to provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India.
All these are intended to reduce traffic crashes by at least 50% by 2030.
Out of the many amendments proposed in the Act the increased penalties have been implemented in many states from September 1, 2019.
At the same time many states have decided to “dilute” the suggested increase in penalties.
Penalties as deterrents:
Therefore, if there is to be a reduction in India in the growing health burden due to traffic crashes it requires establishing a system or institutional structure which enables the generation of new knowledge new road standards thereby ensuring safe highways and urban roads. Thus, we have a long way to go in ensuring sage road behaviour.
GS-II: Techno-Politics: Focus on China’s facial recognition technologies.
The new round of US sanctions against China have turned the light on surveillance technologies including facial recognition that gained much traction in recent years.
US sanctions on Chinese tech companies:
New centers of tensions:
The misuse of technology by China – outside China
Two sides of technology:
The challenge in democracies is about defining appropriate norms for their use and finding a balance between multiple imperatives.
China’s expansive use of surveillance technologies and the US challenge to it mark the beginning a wider global debate on the use of facial recognition as a political, security and commercial tool.
GS-III: Going down together.
The world must heed the IMF warning that everyone loses in a trade war. The IMF has some words of advice for global leaders on how to resuscitate the faltering global economy.
Going down together:
From an Indian point of view what is worth nothing is the IMF chief’s emphasis on the need for structural reforms to boost growth particularly in the emerging market economies. The government at the centre which came to power on the promise of delivering big-bang structural economic reforms will do well to heed such advice.
GS-II: Assam tea estates violating labour laws.
A report by Oxfam a confederation of independent charitable organisations focussing on the alleviation of global poverty has flagged violation of labour rights on the tea estates of Assam.
Extremely Low Wages:
Injustice for Women:
Main Reason: Inequality of Power
Enabling Living Wages: Closing the gap between current wages and living wages for tea workers could be supported in one of two ways:
Either by supermarkets increasing the end consumer price of tea, alongside making a commitment to pass this increase to workers rather than increasing their own margins.
Or alternatively, by maintaining current prices but redistributing some of the retailer and tea brand share of the end consumer price to workers.
For ending hardships:
Plantations Labour Act (PLA), 1951.
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