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India’s economic mobility and its impact on inequality

GS-III: India’s economic mobility and its impact on inequality Context There has been a phenomenal rise in economic inequality in India. It is important to measure the extent of economic mobility in India, which reflects the number of people moving up and down the economic ladder over time. Facts A 2018 Oxfam study reports a significant increase in the consumption Gini index in both rural and urban areas from 1993-94 to 2011-12. According to the Global Wealth Report (

Negative rate policy

GS-III: Negative rate policy Context A negative rate policy once considered only for economies with chronically low inflation such as Europe and Japan is becoming a more attractive option for some other central banks to counter unwelcome rises in their currencies. Why have some central banks adopted negative rates? To battle the global financial crisis triggered by the collapse of Lehman Brothers in 2008, many central banks cut interest rates near zero. A decade later, inte

Sea route from Chennai to Vladivostok

GS-II: Sea route from Chennai to Vladivostok News During PM’s visit to Vladivostok this week, an MoI was signed to open a full-fledged maritime route between Russia’s eastern port city and Chennai on India’s eastern seaboard. Vladivostok In Russian, Vladivostok is ‘Ruler of the East’. Located on the Golden Horn Bay north of North Korea and a short distance from Russia’s border with China, it is the largest port on Russia’s Pacific coas

Going down together

GS-III: Going down together. News The world must heed the IMF warning that everyone loses in a trade war. The IMF has some words of advice for global leaders on how to resuscitate the faltering global economy. Going down together: IMF new Managing Director Kristalina Georgevia singled out India along with Brazil as witnessing a pronounced growth slowdown as global growth experiences a synchronized downswing. The IMF expect growth to slowdown in nearly 90% of the world this y

A tax policy that could work

GS-IIII:  A tax policy that could work. Indian government desperate to raise more tax revenues. It missed its tax targets  last fiscal year, (poor goods and services tax (GST) collections). Its declared budgetary target for the current year requires tax receipts to increase by around 25%, when the first quarter increase was only 6%. MNCs Tax Evasion: MNCs manage to avoid taxation in most countries, by shifting their declared costs and revenues through transfer pricing a

A lodestar to steer the economy.

GS-III: A lodestar to steer the economy. News There is a anxiety all over about the economic slowdown in the country. While the government is still in denial mode data flowing uninterrupted that sector is starting at a seriously challenging situation. Data: Private consumption has contracted and is at an 18-quarter low of 3.1% Rural consumption is in a deep southward dive and is double the rate of the urban slowdown Credit off-take by micro and small industries remains sta

Iran Nuclear Deal (JCPOA)

Iran Nuclear Deal (JCPOA) Syllabus subtopic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. News: Iran has taken further steps away from its crumbling nuclear deal with world powers by announcing it is doubling the number of its advanced centrifuges, calling the move a direct result of the United States’ withdrawal from the agreement last year.   Prelims focus: Joint Comprehensive Plan of Ac

Quad group

Quad Group Syllabus subtopic: India and its neighbourhood- relations. News: Quad countries recently reviewed the situation in Indo- The pacific region. The participants also supported an ASEAN-led mechanism for the regional architecture for the region. Prelims focus Members of the Quad grouping, countries in the Indian Ocean region, Chinese military bases. Mains focus: The Quad grouping- features, significance, concerns and potential.   Background: The 10- natio

IMD World Talent Ranking- 2019

IMD World Talent Ranking- 2019 Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.  News: The 2019 World Talent Ranking was released. Prelims focus: About the rankings Mains focus: Issues and concerns highlighted by the report.    About the rankings:          It is released by the International Institute for Management Devel

India climbs the EM League tables

India climbs the EM League tables Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: Buoyed by an improvement in financial sector indicators, India rose several notches to the second position among large emerging markets in October Prelims and mains focus: a current slowdown in the Indian economy, its impact on various sectors and overall GDP Context: Reversing months of under-performance,

GDP slump will hit $5 trillion target, warns NITI Aayog

GDP slump will hit $5 trillion target, warns NITI Aayog Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: The road to a $5 trillion economy by 2025 is beset with many speed­breakers, the NITI Aayog has warned the government. Prelims and Mains focus: about the recent economic slowdown and its implications on India’s roadmap for $5 trillion economy by 2025 Background: Finance Minister Nir

15th Finance Commission seeks say in GST Council amid Centre-states row

15th Finance Commission seeks say in GST Council amid Centre-states row Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: Fifteenth Finance Commission (FFC) chairman N.K. Singh on Friday sought a leverage with the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council, arguing that tax rate cuts and grant of exemptions decided solely by the council affect the FFC’s goal of optimizing revenue targets of the Centre and

Last nail in the Investment coffin

Last nail in the Investment coffin Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: The last remaining engine of India’s capital expenditure cycle, state government capex, is losing steam and could slow down further as state finances come under increasing strain, posing a risk to a capex revival in the country. Prelims and Mains focus: about capital expenditure; the recent economic slowdown and

At 17.5 million, Indian diaspora largest in the world

At 17.5 million, Indian diaspora largest in the world: UN report Syllabus subtopic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. News: India was the leading country of origin of international migrants in 2019 with a 17.5 million strong diaspora, according to new estimates released by the United Nations, which said the number of migrants globally reached an estimated 272 million.   Prelims and Mains focus: on the

Fiscal double whammy is putting India’s economy in a tight spot

Fiscal double whammy is putting India’s economy in a tight spot Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: The government is facing a double whammy. The sharp deceleration in economic growth in nominal terms has shredded its fiscal math, and at the same time, the Centre cannot excuse itself from more spending. Prelims and Mains focus: on the recent economic slowdown, its implications and w

Slowdown in tax collection to hurt finances of govt

Slowdown in tax collection to hurt finances of govt Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. News: The gross tax revenue collected by the central government during the first seven months of 2019-20 was? 10.52 trillion, up by just 1.22% from the tax collected during the same period in 2018-19.   Taxing times The Centre, which collected? 10.52 trillion in the first seven months of FY20, is

GST rate rationalisation should lead to gain in revenue, not inconvenience people: States

GST rate rationalisation should lead to gain in revenue, not inconvenience people: States Syllabus subtopic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation Prelims focus: about GST, GST Council Mains Focus: About various challenges in implementing GSt, Concerns raised by the states and govt’s efforts to address them.   News: As talks of a hike in goods and services tax (GST) rates gain m

India faces a diplomatic challenge

India faces a diplomatic challenge Syllabus subtopic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. Prelims and Mains focus: about USCRIF 2019 report, citizenship amendment bill 2019, diplomatic challenges faced by India regarding the passage of CAB News:  In the wake of a statement from United States Congress members on the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB), the Union government has spoken to lawmakers across partie

Indo-Russian military exercise concludes

indo-Russian military exercise concludes Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.   Prelims and Mains focus: about INDRA exercise and its significance in building Indo-Russia defenc

Land area requirements norms for SEZs relaxed

Land area requirements norms for SEZs relaxed Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Prelims and Mains focus: on the recent amendment and its objective; on SEZs and its significance in boosting India’s economy News: The Ministry of Commerce and Industry on Friday amended the existing legal framework for special economic zones (SEZ) in India, in a move expected to make it easier to attract in

Russia deploys hypersonic nuclear missile

Russia deploys hypersonic nuclear missile Syllabus subtopic: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora. Prelims and Mains focus: About Avangard and its significance; tensions in US-Russia relations News: Russia has deployed its first hypersonic nuclear-capable missiles, called Avangard, with Vladimir Putin boasting that it puts his country in a class of its own.   Background: Russian President Put

FM unveils Rs.102 tn infra push to reignite growth

FM unveils Rs.102 tn infra push to reignite growth Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Prelims and Mains focus: on the government’s move to boost infrastructure investments and the role of NIP; Greenfield and brownfield projects News: Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Tuesday unveiled a plan to invest ? 102 trillion over five years to develop social and economic infrastructure to boo

Free trade agreement with Mauritius near finalization

The free trade agreement with Mauritius near finalization Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Prelims and Mains focus: on the proposed India-Mauritius FTA and its significance; India-Mauritius economic relations News: India is close to finalising a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) with Mauritius, with several rounds of negotiations to improve market access between the two countries having be

Fears of surge in oil price, Govt looks outside Gulf

Fears of surge in oil price, Govt looks outside Gulf Syllabus subtopic:  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Prelims and Mains focus: Escalating tensions in West Asia and its impact on Indian economy News: As oil prices surged after the killing of Iranian commander, General Qassem Soleimani, in a US drone strike in Baghdad, senior officials of the Finance Ministry and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Ga

Uptick in GST collections doesn’t suggest the economy is firing up

Uptick in GST collections doesn’t suggest the economy is firing up Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Prelims and Mains focus: About the decisions made in GST Council regarding Input Tax Credit (ITC); trends in GST collections and its impact on fiscal deficit and the overall Indian economy News: Goods and services tax (GST) collections in December accelerated to cross the Rs. 1 tri

India faces a year of tough trade talks

India faces a year of tough trade talks Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Prelims and Mains focus: about the challenges India will be facing in negotiating trade deals this year; about RCEP, CECA, BTIA, GSP: their significance News: After walking out of negotiations on the 16­nation Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) free trade agreement, the government said it would reneg

5th India Russia military industry conference

5th India Russia military industry conference Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. Prelims and Mains focus: about the event: MoUs signed and their significance; about India-Russia ties News: In a step forward towards addressing the issue of regular spares and support for Russian military equipment with the armed forces, 14 MoUs were signed between Indian and Russian companies for setting up j

Operation Control Centre for goods trains

Operation Control Centre for goods trains Syllabus subtopic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Prelims and Mains focus: on DFCs and their significance; about DFCCIL News: The world’s second-biggest Operation Control Centre for goods trains, built in India by the Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India (DFCCIL) is ready to begin operations.   About the centre The centre, built at Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh, will be the ‘ner

Water table dipping in Bihar

Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the findings of the report; challenges and steps taken   News: The latest telemetry report by the Bihar Minor Water Resources Department was released recently.   Key findings of the report The Water table has dipped alarmingly across Bihar between August 2019 and February 2020.   The dips in water table

RBI study on digital payments

RBI study on digital payments Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment. Prelims and Mains focus: about the RBI study and its key findings News: A Reserve Bank of India (RBI) study on the progress of digitisation from cash to electronic was recently released.   Key findings of the study Cash still rules, but it is increasingly seen as a way to store value as an economic asset rather t

Water crisis in Himalayan regions

Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the study and its key findings   News: A survey regarding water situation in Himalayan regions was recently published in the latest edition of the journal Water Policy.   About the survey The researchers surveyed 13 towns across Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan to understand the challenges of the urban denizens of the

SC lifts curbs on cryptocurrencies

Syllabus subtopic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.   Prelims and Mains focus: about cryptocurrencies: merits and demerits   News: In April 2018, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had barred regulated entities such as banks from dealing in bitcoins and other virtual currencies. The Supreme Court has now lifted the restriction.   What exactly are cryptocur

European Union’s Green Deal

Syllabus subtopic: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora - their Structure, Mandate.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the proposed law and its objective; about EU’s Green deal and its significance   News: Amid fierce criticism from environmental activists, the European Commission (EU’s executive arm) is unveiling plans for its first ever climate law — the basis of the European Union’s Green Deal aimed at making the 27-country bloc c

Freedom in the World 2020 report

Syllabus subtopic: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora - their Structure, Mandate.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the key highlights of the report and India’s performance   News: Freedom in the World 2020 report, a yearly survey and report by the U.S.-based non-governmental organization ‘Freedom House’ that measures the degree of civil liberties and political rights in every nation and significant related and disputed territories arou

Indian Ocean Commission (IOC)

Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the move and its significance; about IOC   News: India has joined as an observer of the Indian Ocean Commission.   About the move With this, India joins China, which was made an observer in 2016, as well as the “International Organisation of the Francophonie” or the 54-nation French-sp

COMPREHENSIVE CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

COMPREHENSIVE CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- IR The date 26/11 has gone down in the history as a day that saw the most heinous attack carried on the Indian soil. The attack claimed 164 lives; leftover 300 injured and sent shock waves around the world. Terrorism has reared its ugly head every now and then and has devastated the world like nothing else. It is an issue which has affected millions of lives from Asia to the Americas but till date, there is

Sikkim’s Statehood Day-Formation of Sikkim

Sikkim’s Statehood Day. Introduction The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people of Sikkim on their Statehood Day on April,16th. Greetings on Sikkim’s Statehood Day. Home to talented and compassionate people, Sikkim has enriched national progress in many sectors. Sikkim’s progress in areas like organic farming have been admired all over. Formation of Sikkim On 16 May, 1975, the Himalayan Kingdom of Sikkim became the 22nd state of India, ending

Freedoms of the Air

Freedoms of the Air It is recognised by the ICAO First Freedom of the Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one State to another State or States to fly across its territory without landing (also known as a First Freedom Right).   Second Freedom of the Air - the right or privilege, in respect of scheduled international air services, granted by one State to another State or States to land in its territory for non-traf

Should the government regulate TRPs?

Should the government regulate TRPs? Context The Mumbai Police said that a TRP (Target Rating Points) racket involving three news channels had been busted. Since then, the Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC), which monitors the TRPs, has suspended ratings of news channels for three months. The alleged scam has once again highlighted the need for regulation. Target Rating Points (TRP)- a financial scam: Television channels are driven by TRPs and it is viewership

US sues Google in biggest anti-trust case: What it means for India ?

US sues Google in biggest anti-trust case: What it means for India ? Context The United States Department of Justice (DoJ) sued Google on Tuesday, alleging that the company had abused its dominant position in a way that had harmed its competitors as well as customers. Eleven US states have joined the DoJ in the anti-trust lawsuit against Google “for unlawfully maintaining a monopoly in general search services and search advertising”. What is the lawsuit about? T

Kisan Suryodaya Yojana: Gujarat

Kisan Suryodaya Yojana: Gujarat It aimed at providing daytime electricity to farmers in Gujarat for irrigation and farming purposes. Rs. 3,500 crores will be spent over the next three years for providing solar power to farmers for irrigation during the daytime (5 AM to 9 PM). 10 districts including Dahod, Gir-Somnath and Tapi have been selected under the Scheme for 2020-21. The remaining districts will be covered in a phase-wise manner by 2022-23.

Indira Rasoi Yojana: Rajasthan

Indira Rasoi Yojana: Rajasthan Aim: To provide nutritious food to the poor and needy twice a day at concessional rates. Under the scheme, each plate serves 100 grams of pulses and vegetables each, and 250 grams of chapati and pickles. It aligns with World Food Day’s 2020 theme to grow, nourish and sustain together. Implementation: The local voluntary organisations have been roped in for establishing the centres near the places such as bus stands, railway stations and hosp

Abhijeet Sen

Abhijeet Sen Abhijit Sen, a well-known economist and former member of the Planning commission, just passed away. About Abhijeet Sen He served as a previous member of the Indian Planning Commission and was a well-known agricultural economist (from 2004 to 2014, PC disbanded in 2014). Prior to joining the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning at Jawaharlal Nehru University in 1985, he taught economics at Sussex, Oxford, Cambridge, and Essex. Principal Contributions:

Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR

Exercise VAJRA PRAHAR 2022 The 13th edition of the joint US-Indian exercise Vajra Prahar 2022 was just completed at Bakloh (Himachal Pradesh). image Source - Current Affairs Adda 247 Key Highlights The United States and Special Forces India alternate hosting the annual exercise. The military forces of a nation's special forces are responsible for conducting clandestine, anti-terrorist, and other specialized missions. Aim: The 21-day cooperative training gave t

India and Mexico Relations

India and Mexico Relations On the occasion of Mexico's National Day (16 September), India sent its best wishes and greetings to all Mexican citizens and remembered the 72 years since diplomatic relations were established. Image Source -  the wire Historical Ties: India and Mexico have historical ties due to their colonial status. In 1950, Mexico became the first nation in Latin America to recognise India after its independence and to establish diplomatic ties with i

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