|GS-III||National water policy(NWP)|
|Dal Lake area to be Eco-sensitive Zone|
|Brown to Green Report 2019|
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
News: The government has finalised a committee to draft a new National Water Policy (NWP). The committee is expected to produce a report within six months
Prelims focus: Overview of NWP 2012.
Mains focus: The need for and significance of the new policy.
National Water Policy 2012:
Need for revision:
There have been a lot of changes which need to be addressed and the prioritization of the water usage needs to be defined.
Source: The Hindu
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
News: The Jammu and Kashmir UT will set up a 10-member committee that will declare Dal Lake, an Eco-sensitive Zone.
Prelims focus: Eco Sensitive zones- how are they declared and key provisions in this regard, about Dal Lake.
Mains focus: Significance and the need for these zones, and issues related to management of these zones.
Mission: According to a report, the area of the Dal Lake has shrunk to 24 sq km from 31 sq km and the lake has witnessed significant changes in land use and cover, apart from increasing human population.
About Eco-sensitive zones
The Environment Protection Act, 1986 does not mention the word “Eco-sensitive Zones”.
The above two clauses have been effectively used by the government to declare Eco-Sensitive Zones or Ecologically Fragile Areas (EFA). The same criteria have been used by the government to declare No Development Zones.
The MoEF (Ministry of Environment & Forests) has approved a comprehensive set of guidelines laying down parameters and criteria for declaring ESAs.
These include Species Based (Endemism, Rarity etc), Ecosystem Based (sacred groves, frontier forests etc) and Geomorphologic feature based (uninhabited islands, origins of rivers etc).
About Dal Lake:
Source: The Hindu
Syllabus subtopic: Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
News: The 2019 Brown to Green Report has been published by the Climate Transparency partnership, an international research collaboration.
For Prelims focus: Key findings of the report.
For Mains focus: Concerns and challenges and ways to address them.
Key highlights of the report:
India specific observations:
Need of the hour:
Source: Indian Express
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