14 August, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-II||‘Trans Fat’ Logo|
|Free fall: On the Afghan conflict||International Relations|
|GS-III||Let big data analysis begin|
|Ban or regulate? On India’s policy on cryptocurrencies|
|Integrated Battle Groups|
GS-II : ‘Trans Fat’ Logo
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched a new mass media campaign in order to create awareness about trans fats and eliminate them in India by 2022.
What are Trans Fat?
Artificial Trans fats are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. Since they are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time, and give foods a desirable taste and texture, they are still widely used despite their harmful effects being well-known.
Why this move?
Studies have recently shown that 60,000 deaths occur every year due to cardiovascular diseases, which in turn are caused due to high consumption of trans fats.Since the impact of trans fats on human health is increasing exponentially, it is very important to create awareness about them.
Other FSSAI Initiatives
A Move to adopt WHO guidelines
A recent suicide attack at a crowded wedding hall in Kabul killed at least 63 people and injured more than 180 others. It is a tragic reminder of the security situation in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan peace deal:
Way ahead :
GS-III: Let big data analysis begin
What is Big Data ?
Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data both structured and unstructured beyond the ability of commonly used software tools to capture, curate, manage, and process data within a tolerable elapsed time. It’s what organizations do with the data that matters. Big data can be analyzed for insights that lead to better decisions and strategic business moves.
Applications of Big Data
Big Data in India
With a population of 1.2 billion, the relevance of Big Data becomes all the more pronounced for India .Recently, NITI Aayog also echoed the idea of evidence based policymaking guided by Big Data. Discoms in India are using data from last mile sensors to implement measures of cutting down aggregated technical and commercial losses.
In order to effectively analyze the large chunks of data available, the government must establish well-equipped data centres. It is essential to segregate the relevant data from the irrelevant. It must strengthen its cyber security in order to make the large pool of data available virtually safe. It must also address the ethical issues regarding big data analytics and formulate a policy regarding data privacy.
GS-III: Ban or regulate? On India’s policy on cryptocurrencies
The recommendation of an inter-ministerial committee that India should ban all private cryptocurrencies, that is, Bitcoin and others like it hardly comes as a surprise.
No central authority to regulate
Some important cryptocurrencies
Risk associated with the use of crptocurrency
Digital currencies, being in electronic format, are prone to losses arising out of hacking, loss of password etc.Lack of any authorized central agency to regulate the payments or to turn to for redressal of grievances. There is no underlying of asset for Cryptocurrencies, making the value a matter of speculation. The exchanges are located in various parts of the world, making the law enforcement a tricky thing for the multiple jurisdictions available. Trading may subject the user to illicit and illegal activities since the cryptocurrencies, can easily be used for illegal activities anonymously.
GS-III: Integrated Battle Groups
The new concept of Integrated Battle Groups (IBGs) which the Indian Army plans to create as part of overall force transformation is close to implementation.
What are IBGs?
Objective of IBG
Holistic integration to enhance the operational and functional efficiency, optimize budget expenditure, facilitate force modernization and address aspirations
Why need IBGs?
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