15 August, 2019
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|GS-II||Consumer Protection Bill|
|Every child to get Rota virus vaccine by September|
|Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge|
|GS-III||Allocation are Keys||Economic Issues|
|Centre unveils plan for coastal zone management|
|Rethinking water governance strategies|
GS-II: Consumer Protection Bill
Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 gets Parliamentary approval.
Provision of the Bill:
Definition of consumer:
A consumer is defined as a person who buys any good or avails a service for a consideration.
What it covers?
It covers transactions through all modes including offline, and online through electronic means, teleshopping, multi-level marketing or direct selling.
What it doesn’t cover?
It does not include a person who obtains a good for resale or a good or service for commercial purpose.
Six consumer rights have been defined in the Bill, including the right to:
(i)Be protected against marketing of goods and services which are hazardous to life and property. (ii)Be informed of the quality, quantity, potency, purity, standard and price of goods or services; (iii) Be assured of access to a variety of goods or services at competitive prices (iv) Seek redressal against unfair or restrictive trade practices.
Functions of Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) :
Jurisdiction of Consumer Disputes Redressal Comission (CDRCs):
Why is this Bill significant?
GS-II : Every child to get Rota virus vaccine by September
Health Ministry has decided to provide Rotavirus vaccine to every child across all States and Union Territories by September 2019.
Rotavirus vaccine was introduced in 2016 and is now available in 28 States/Union Territories. It is expected to be available in all 36 States/Union Territories by September 2019.
GS-II: Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge.
The RTI Act, 2005 proved transformative to India’s democracy; it revolutionized the citizen’s ability to engage with the state, arming people with a mechanism to ferret out some of the truth from the government’s otherwise secretive operations.
Amendments to the act
Challenges it poses
Efficacy of RTI
Through a response to an RTI request, it was discovered that between 2006 and 2010 more than ?700 crore had been diverted from Delhi’s special component plan for the development of Scheduled Caste communities to projects related to the Commonwealth Games.
An exposé into the horrifying processes of the “Foreigners Tribunal” in Assam was made by securing information through the RTI Act.
GS-III: Allocation are Keys
The budget must focus on the priority areas for the budget allocations. It is expected to provide funds and an assurance that the allocations would be rule-based.
Rural distress needs to be allocated to funds.
The Environment Ministry has unveiled a draft plan that will dictate how prospective infrastructure projects situated along the coast ought to be assessed before they can apply for clearance.
Action so far
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