19 August, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-I||How an Indian citizen is defined?|
|GS-II||Sacrificing liberty for national security|
|Privacy rights, wrongs|
|GS-III||Biodiversity in the time of deluge|
|Negative rate policy||Economic Issues|
GS-I : How an Indian citizen is defined?
In the run-up to the publication of the final NRC in Assam, citizenship has become the most talked about topic in the country.
How is citizenship determined?
Principles for grant of citizenship
Citizenship in India
Since Independence was preceded by Partition and migration, Article 6 laid down that anyone who migrated to India before July 19, 1949, would automatically become an Indian citizen if either of his parents or grandparents was born in India.
Even those who had migrated to Pakistan after March 1, 1947 but subsequently returned on resettlement permits were included within the citizenship net.
Any Person of Indian Origin residing outside India who, or either of whose parents or grandparents, was born in India could register himself or herself as an Indian citizen with Indian Diplomatic Mission.
Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019
GS-II: Sacrificing liberty for national security
The amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 empowers the Central government to name any individual a terrorist if it believes him or her to be so.
Background of UAPA
Arguments against the bill:
Defending the amendments
Benjamin Franklin said: “Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.” Indians deserve better respect for their liberties than this ill-thought-out law.
GS-II: Privacy rights, wrongs
Supreme Court has agreed to hear together multiple public interest litigations pending in Madras, Bombay and Madhya Pradesh high courts, calling for the linking of Aadhaar with social media accounts.
Why the linkage
Challenges to the linkage
What needs to be taken care of:
Floods impact the poorest strata of society the most, causing a loss of lives, livelihood options, and assets. There is a need for assessment of floods from a ‘sustainable development’ perspective.
Causes for floods
Impact of floods
GS-III: Negative rate policy
Negative rate policy once considered only for economies with chronically low inflation such as Europe and Japan is becoming a more attractive option for some other central banks to counter unwelcome rises in their currencies.
Why have some central banks adopted negative rates?
How it work?
Under a negative rate policy, financial institutions are required to pay interest for parking excess reserves with the central bank.That way, central banks penalise financial institutions for holding on to cash in hope of prompting them to boost lending.
What are the pros of negative rates?
What are the cons?
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