|GS-I||Sign language dictionary gets 4,000 new words|
|GS-II||Multipurpose National ID Card|
|Inequality of another kind.|
|GS-III||Renewable energy target to be more than doubled|
|Making the grand India PSB mergers work||Economic Issues|
GS-I: Sign language dictionary gets 4,000 new words.
Around 4000 words are likely to be added to the Indian sign language dictionary in 2020.
The aim of developing the Indian Sign Language Dictionary was to remove communications barriers between the deaf and hearing communities.
Work Under Way:
On the occasion of International Sign Language Day Minster of Social Justice and Empowerment said the addition of 4,000words to the sign language dictionary would be done by 2020.Right now the work of identifying signs for words cross categories including administration medical, legal, education, agriculture with the help of the hearing impaired community.
About ISL Dictionary Dictionary :
Source: THE HINDU
GS-II: Multipurpose National ID Card
India could have a single multi-purpose unique card that will serve as an identity card and double up as a voter card, PAN and even a passport said Union Home Minister.
Multipurpose National ID Card (MPNIC):
Are we seeing the reprise of the MPNIC?
Source: Indian Express
GS-II: Inequality of another kind.
Kerala HC declared the Right to Internet access as a fundamental right forming a part of the right to privacy and the right to education under Art 21 of the Constitution.
What’s the issue?
In recent times, several government and private sector services have become digital. Some of them are only available online. This leads to a new kind of inequality, digital inequality, where social and economic backwardness is exacerbated due to information poverty, lack of infrastructure, and lack of digital literacy. According to the Deloitte report, ‘Digital India: Unlocking the Trillion Dollar Opportunity’, in mid-2016, digital literacy in India was less than 10%. We are moving to a global economy where knowledge of digital processes will transform the way in which people work, collaborate, consume information, and entertain themselves. This has been acknowledged in the Sustainable Development Goals as well as by the Indian government and has led to the Digital India mission. Offering services online has cost and efficiency benefits for the government and also allows citizens to bypass lower-level government bureaucracy. However, in the absence of Internet access and digital literacy enabling that access, there will be further exclusion of large parts of the population, exacerbating the already existing digital divide.
Moving governance and service delivery online without the requisite progress in Internet access and digital literacy also does not make economic sense. For instance, Common Service Centres, which operate in rural and remote locations, are physical facilities which help in delivering digital government services and informing communities about government initiatives. While the state may be saving resources by moving services online, it also has to spend resources since a large chunk of citizens cannot access these services. The government has acknowledged this and has initiated certain measures in this regard. The Bharat Net programme, aiming to have an optical fibre network in all gram panchayats, is to act as the infrastructural backbone for having Internet access all across the country. However, the project has consistently missed all its deadlines while the costs involved have doubled.
Similarly, the National Digital Literacy Mission has barely touched 1.67% of the population and has been struggling for funds. This is particularly worrying because Internet access and digital literacy are dependent on each other, and creation of digital infrastructure must go hand in hand with the creation of digital skills.
Importance of digital literacy:
Internet access and digital literacy have implications beyond access to government services. Digital literacy allows people to access information and services, collaborate, and navigate socio-cultural networks. In fact, the definition of literacy today must include the ability to access and act upon resources and information found online. While the Kerala High Court judgment acknowledges the role of the right to access Internet in accessing other fundamental rights, it is imperative that the right to Internet access and digital literacy be recognised as a right in itself. In this framework the state would have (i) a positive obligation to create infrastructure for a minimum standard and quality of Internet access as well as capacity-building measures which would allow all citizens to be digitally literate and (ii) a negative obligation prohibiting it from engaging in conduct that impedes, obstructs or violates such a right. Recognising the right to internet access and digital literacy will also make it easier to demand accountability from the state, as well as encourage the legislature and the executive to take a more proactive role in furthering this right. The courts have always interpreted Article 21 as a broad spectrum of rights considered incidental and/or integral to the right to life.
A right to Internet access would also further provisions given under Articles 38(2) and 39 of the Constitution. It has now become settled judicial practice to read fundamental rights along with directive principles with a view to defining the scope and ambit of the former. We are living in an ‘information society’. Unequal access to the Internet creates and reproduces socio-economic exclusions. It is important to recognise the right to Internet access and digital literacy to alleviate this situation, and allow citizens increased access to information, services, and the creation of better livelihood opportunities.
Source: THE HINDU
GS-III: Renewable energy target to be more than doubled.
India’s renewable energy target will be increased to 450GW ,PM Modi said at United Nations Climate Action Summit. India today has come not just to talk about the seriousness of this issues but to present a practical approach a road map.
Renewable energy in India –Progress, Challenges, Opportunities
The government had set an ambitious target to achieve 175GW renewable energy but India extended the target 450GW of Renewable Energy capacity by 2022. According to BP Energy Outlook report 2019 the consumption of coal 56% in 2017 decline to at least 48% in 2040. This shows that India has adopting clean energy technology .If necessary measure are not taken , India will not be able to adapt to the era defining by sustainable energy technologies.
What is Renewable Energy?
Why is it important for India?
Reduce Oil Demand:
Government Policy Initiatives in the Renewable Energy Sector:
It is estimated that India has the capacity to extract 900GW from commercially available sources like wind , hydro energy ,bio energy etc.
High financial assistance is essential for this nascent sector to grow.
Bulk production can reduce the production cost.
It is essential to integrate the new technologies with the existing infrastructure to reduce the cost of renewable technology.
Source: THE HINDU
GS-III: Making the grand India PSB mergers work.
The initial enthusiasm of market analysts to the bank merger announcement is giving way to wariness and scepticism.
Procedure of Bank Merger
What is the rationale behind the mergers?
How effective could the merger be?
What are the challenges and priorities now?
While such consolidation can result in handsome productivity gains, what matters is the quality of execution by at stable and committed leadership aided by a shrewd and benign ownership.
Source: THE HINDU
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