27 Jan, 2020
21 Min Read
|GS-II||Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana|
|Oslo Accords||International Relations|
|Cases of diabetes and cancer rise in rural areas of M.P.|
|Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)|
|New Financial Resolution Authority on the anvil||Economic Issues|
Syllabus subtopic: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the move and its significance; about PMJAY and its objectives
News: India is aiming to plug significant gaps in providing healthcare in smaller cities and towns under the ambitious Ayushman Bharat programme by signing up hospitals operated by state-run companies and Indian Railways.
About the move
It has been decided that all public hospitals should be empanelled under AB-PMJAY (Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana) in order to expand its coverage.
Under this 1.5 lakh existing sub centres will bring health care system closer to the homes of people in the form of Health and wellness centres. These centres will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.
List of Services to be provided at Health & Wellness Centre
As per the SECC 2011, the following beneficiaries are automatically excluded:
Prelims and Mains focus: About the move to withdraw and its implications, About Oslo Accords, West bank settlements; Six-Days war
News: Palestinian officials threatened on Sunday to withdraw from key provisions of the Oslo Accords, which define relations with Israel, if U.S. President Donald Trump announces his West Asia peace plan next week.
About Oslo Accords
About West Bank
It is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north. The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western shore of the Dead Sea.
About West Bank settlements
Are settlements legal or illegal?
Source: The Hindu
Syllabus subtopic: Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the findings and their causes; about IHCI and its achievements; about non-communicable diseases and steps for their prevention; about National Health Mission (NHM)
News: Noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes and cancer are posing a bigger challenge in the nontribal rural areas of Madhya Pradesh than in the urban areas owing to a rapidly growing rate of incidence and the lack of awareness, according to the National Health Mission (NHM).
Why more cases in non-tribal rural areas?
More awareness, as in the case of urban areas, translates into patients undergoing treatment despite a high incidence. As a result, the burden is moderate in urban areas, but due to low awareness in rural areas, it is increasing there.
Non Communicable Disease Control Programme
Case of hypertension in rural areas
About India Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI)
About Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)
Major NCDs and their risk factors
Actions to beat non-communicable diseases
Unite in the fight against NCDs by:
Source: The Hindu
Prelims and Mains focus: about RUSA: objectives and corruption
News: The HRD Ministry has approached the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) to flag alleged corruption in the implementation of the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA).
In a meeting held in July, 2019 between the Ministry and TISS, the institute’s director pointed out some “serious irregularities” in utilisation of funds. Following the meeting, TISS was asked by the Ministry to conduct a complete audit of funds released under RUSA.
How was the corruption unravelled?
About Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
The salient objectives of RUSA are to;
The following are the primary components of RUSA that capture the key action and funding areas that must be pursued for the fulfilment of the targets:
Source: Indian Express
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the bar-headed geese: its conservation status and need for conservation
News: While the Kundavada lake on the outskirts of Karnataka’s Davangere city, which was the winter abode for many barheaded geese from Mongolia, has failed to attract these winged visitors this time, the Kondajji lake located nearby has emerged as their new home.
Why did it happen?
The onus is on the Department of Forest and Wildlife to ensure minimum human interference near the Kondajji lake to ensure a comfortable stay for the birds.
About the bird
Source: The Hindu
Prelims and Mains focus: About the proposed law and key changes to be brought by it; its advantages; about FRDI Bill; NBFCs
News: The Finance Ministry is working on putting in place a comprehensive resolution framework for financial institutions that have a precarious financial positions.
What is it for?
It is to ensure that the failure of some of the systemically important financial institutions does not affect the entire system.
About the proposed framework
Ambit of resolution authority
Changes likely to be in FRDI Bill
A framework for resolution is required even for banks, insurance companies, mutual funds, securities market companies, so that their failure does not affect the financial system adversely. The proposed law is aimed at addressing this issue at the broader level.
Source: Indian Express
Syllabus subtopic: Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. Prelims and Mains focus: about the SC remarks on the criminalization of politics; various judgements of SC; about RPA, 1951 News: The Supreme Court on Friday agreed to examine a proposition mad
Syllabus subtopic: Indian Constitution—Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, Significant Provisions and Basic Structure. Prelims and Mains focus: about the National security act and why it needs to be amended News: The Supreme Court on Friday refused to pass a &ldquo
Syllabus subtopic: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Prelims and Mains focus: about the move and reasons for it; about the ICDS scheme and its objectives News: Urban areas are likely to receive a
Syllabus subtopic: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Prelims and Mains focus: about the new rules and their implications; the debate between security and right to privacy Context: Later this month
Syllabus subtopic: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora - their Structure, Mandate. Prelims and Mains focus: about the index and its findings; India performance in the index News: Global Talent Competitive Index (GTCI) 2020 was released at the annual meet
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Prelims and Mains focus: about the impact of Australian bushfires on global temperature Context: Australia’s bushfires are contributing to one of the biggest ann
Syllabus subtopic: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Prelims and Mains focus: about the govt.’s move and its implications; need for reform in road tax structure New
Syllabus subtopic: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation. Prelims and Mains focus: about the draft policy and its significance; initiatives taken to boost gas-based economy, about PESO
Syllabus subtopic: Role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Prelims and Mains focus: About the key highlights of the index; India’s performance; About Transparency International News: Transparency In
Sagarmatha Dialogue Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. India and its Neighborhood- Relations. Prelims and Mains focus: About the event and its significance News:
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment. Prelims and Mains focus: About the new species of the eel; about ZSI and its functions News: A new snake eel species residing in the Bay of Bengal has been discovered
Syllabus subtopic: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Prelims and Mains focus: about the national war memorial; significance of the republic day News: In a first, homage will be paid to the fallen soldiers
Syllabus subtopic: Parliament and State Legislatures—Structure, Functioning, Conduct of Business, Powers & Privileges and Issues Arising out of these. Prelims and Mains focus: about LCs: strength, selection of members, objectives News: The Andhra Pradesh government seems to be contem
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