28 Oct, 2021
25 Min Read
|GS-I||Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015||Social issues|
|GS-III||National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)||Economic Issues|
|PT Pointer||Aspirational Districts Programme||Governance|
The Act seeks to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children as ratified by India on December 11, 1992. It specifies procedural safeguards in cases of children in conflict with the law. It seeks to address challenges in the existing Activities such as delays in adoption processes, high pendency of cases, accountability of institutions, etc. The Act further seeks to address children in the 16-18 age group, in conflict with law, as an increased incidence of crimes committed by them has been reported over the past few years.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has come into force on January 15, 2016, and repeals the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
Who is a Juvenile?
Separate new chapter on Adoption
Inclusion of new offences committed against children
Punishment for Offences Against Children
The JJA, 2015 seeks to hold the child accused of crime accountable, not through punishments, but through counselling.
Juvenile Justice Board:
Child Welfare Committee:
Mandatory registration of Child Care Institutions
Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration Measures
Children in Need of Care and Protection
Rehabilitation and Social Reintegration
Negatives of Juvenile Justice Act, 2015
The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India.
NPPA (National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority) was constituted vide Government of India Resolution dated 29th August 1997 as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers as an independent Regulator for pricing of drugs and to ensure availability and accessibility of medicines at affordable prices.
To implement and enforce the provisions of the Drugs (Prices Control) Order in accordance with the powers delegated to it.
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