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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

Monthly DNA

29 Mar, 2021

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Tribal TB Initiative to achieve ‘TB Mukt Bharat’ by 2025

GS-II : Governance Health

Tribal TB Initiative to achieve ‘TB Mukt Bharat’ by 2025

Union Health Minister launched the “Tribal TB Initiative” as a step toward achieving 'TB Mukt Bharat' by 2025.

The Ministry also released a guidance note on Joint Action Plan for the elimination of Tuberculosis (TB), a Special Edition of Tribal Ministry’s Publication ‘ALEKH’ on TB and a document on the Tribal Tuberculosis (TB) Initiative at the event.

About the Initiative:

  • The Health Minister stated that India has over 104 million tribal population lives in India, across 705 tribes, accounting for 8.6 % of the country’s population.
  • Around 177 tribal districts were identified as high-priority districts where poor living conditions, physical remoteness, malnutrition and lack of awareness contribute to the vulnerability of the tribal population to TB.
  • The activities of the joint plan will initially focus on 161 districts across 18 identified States. The activities include deploying improved vulnerability mapping techniques and organization of sensitization and capacity-building workshops for volunteers.
  • There would also be periodic TB active case finding drives and provision of TB Preventive Therapy (IPT) to the identified vulnerable population and develop long-term mechanisms for vulnerability reduction.
  • He also mentioned that the linkage of the NIKSHAY Portal of MoHFW and Swasthya Portal of the M/o Tribal Affairs will boost data compilation on Tuberculosis and pave way for efficient and convergent actions.

How will India achieve 'TB Mukt Bharat' by 2025?

  • Increased the Budget allocation for TB in India to four-fold in the last 5 years.
  • UTs of Lakshadweep and the district of Badgam in Jammu & Kashmir have been declared TB Free on World TB Day 2021.

Source: TH

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