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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 15 July, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

ACHARYA PRAFULLA CHANDRA RAY

ACHARYA PRAFULLA CHANDRA RAY

Ministry of Culture along with the Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, and Vigyan Bharati organized a curtain raiser for two days of International Conference on the “Contributions of Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray as a Chemist and Freedom Fighter”, at Delhi University.

About the conference

  • The Conference will be held on the 161st birth anniversary of Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray on the 2nd-3rd August 2022, under the aegis of “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav”.

Objective:

  • Expand the legacy and the contribution of Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray in Society, to increase general awareness and background of ancient chemistry along with its importance.
  • It is unexpected that the government is updating the education system from the traditional concept of the 1980s to align with the aspirational goals of 21st-century education, including SDG4 which talks about Quality Education while building upon India’s traditions and value systems.

About Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray

  • He was a Professor of Chemistry, a pioneer in the field of the pharmaceutical industry in India who started making the chemicals at home.
  • He was born on 2nd August 1861 in Rural-Kathipara, a village in the District of Khulna which is now in Bangladesh.
  • He set up Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals as an individual initiative in a laboratory in 1892 to enhance the spirit of entrepreneurship among the youth of Bengal.

Contributions

  • His contribution to the Indian industry was great.
  • Directly or indirectly he helped to start many factories like Textile mills, soap factories, sugar factories, chemical industries, ceramic factories, and publishing houses were set up at the time with his active cooperation.
  • He was the main force behind the industrialization of the country, which began at that time.

Literary Works

  • He authored, books like the ‘History of Hindu Chemistry – From the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century AD’.
  • He published a paper in 1896 on the preparation of a new stable chemical compound which is known as Mercurous Nitrite.
  • It made way for a large number of research papers on nitrites and hyponitrites of different metals, and nitrites of ammonia and organic amines.
  • He wrote his autobiography in English in 1932 and named it “The Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist”.

He passed away on the 16th of June in the year 1944.

Source: PIB


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