07 July, 2022
8 Min Read
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has proposed the amendments in the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
The Environment Ministry has proposed to levy more fines and less imprisonment for environmental violations.
Present Clause in the Act:
Key amendments proposed in the Environmental Protection Act,1986
The rationale behind the proposal:
Environmental Protection act 1986
The EPA came into force on November 19, 1986. The act establishes the framework for studying, planning, and implementing long-term requirements of environmental safety and laying down a system of speedy and adequate response to situations threatening the environment.
Objective: To provide the protection and improvement of the environment.
The main roots of the enactment of the EPA lie in the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm in June 1972, which is also known as the Stockholm Conference, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the improvement of the environment.
The Environment Protection Act implements the decisions and the point made at the Stockholm Conference.
The EPA Act was enacted under:
Powers of the Central Government:
What is the drawback of the Environment Protection Act 1986??
A main drawback of the Act is its centralization. The vital powers are provided to the Centre and no powers are given to the state governments, which might end up in arbitrariness and vague decisions.
Environment protection must consider local people in its ambit as they are directly linked to its protection, conservation, and repercussion that arises due to neglect and loopholes in the legislation.
Source: The Hindu
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