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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 07 November, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Adaptation Gap Report 2022

Adaptation Gap Report 2022

  • According to the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Adaptation Gap Report, 2022, global efforts in adaptation planning, financing, and implementation are insufficient to prepare vulnerable communities around the world to adapt to the rising risks of climate change's impacts.
  • The report discovered some progress on adaptation plans from national governments, but they are not financially supported.

What are the Report's Findings?

  • A third of the 197 parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have included quantified and time-bound adaptation targets. And 90% of them have thought about gender and underserved groups.
  • International adaptation finance flows are 5-10 times lower than needed, and the gap is widening. Finance for adaptation increased by 4% in 2020, reaching USD 29 billion.
  • This is when developing countries' annual adaptation needs are estimated to be between USD 160 and USD 340 billion by 2030, and between USD 315 and USD 565 billion by 2050

What are the Report's Recommendations?

An Ecological Approach:

  • The report emphasised that the best way to achieve co-benefits was to link mitigation and adaptation actions in terms of planning, financing, and implementation.
  • Nature-based solutions are one example of this.

Climate Adaptation:

  • Beginning with COP27, countries must back up the strong words in the Glasgow Climate Pact with strong action to increase adaptation investments and outcomes.
  • Other Approaches: Four critical steps must be taken to close the adaptation gap:
  • Increase Adaptation Financing: Developed countries must provide a clear roadmap for their promise to double adaptation finance to USD 40 billion, as agreed at COP 26 in Glasgow.
  • A New Business Model: Because there is a mismatch between what governments propose and what financiers consider investable, the world urgently requires a new business model for converting adaptation priorities into investable projects.
  • Data Implementation is required: The availability of climate risk data and information, which is a problem for many developing countries' adaptation planning.
  • Modified Warning Systems: The development and implementation of early warning systems for extreme weather events and slow-onset changes like sea level rise.

What are India's Climate Finance Initiatives?

NAFCC (National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change):

  • It was established in 2015 to cover the costs of climate change adaptation for Indian states and union territories that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

The National Clean Energy Fund:

  • It was established to promote clean energy and was initially funded by a carbon tax on industries that use coal.
  • It is governed by an Inter-Ministerial Group, which is chaired by the Finance Secretary.
  • Its mission is to fund innovative clean energy research and development in both the fossil and non-fossil fuel sectors.

Fund for National Adaptation:

  • The fund was established in 2014 with a corpus of Rs. 100 crores to bridge the gap between need and available funds.
  • The Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change manages the fund (MoEF&CC).

About the United Nations Environment Programme

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is a leading global environmental authority that was founded on June 5, 1972.
  • Functions: It establishes the global environmental agenda, promotes sustainable development within the UN system, and acts as an authoritative advocate for global environmental protection.
  • Emission Gap Report, Global Environment Outlook, Frontiers, and Invest in a Healthy Planet are the major reports.
  • Beat Pollution, UN75, World Environment Day, and Wild for Life are major campaigns.
  • Nairobi, Kenya is the headquarters.

About the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

  • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was signed in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit, the Rio Summit, or the Rio Conference.
  • India is one of only a few countries to have hosted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification).
  • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change entered into force in 1994 and has been ratified by 197 countries.
  • It is the parent treaty of the Paris Agreement of 2015. It is also the parent treaty of the Kyoto Protocol of 1997.
  • The UNFCCC secretariat (UN Climate Change) is the United Nations entity in charge of assisting with the global response to the threat of climate change. Its headquarters are in Bonn, Germany.
  • Its goal is to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous consequences within a reasonable time frame, allowing ecosystems to adapt naturally and enabling sustainable development.

Source: Down To Earth


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