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Jainism and Mahavir Jayanti Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Religion Mahavir Jayanti is one of the most auspicious festivals in the Jain community. This day marks the birth of Vardhamana Mahavira, who was the 24th and the last Tirthankara who succeeded the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanatha. According to Jain texts, Lord Mahavira was born on the 13th day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra. As per the Gregorian cal

Kumbh Mela

Kumbh Mela Context: Government has begun planning for the Maha Kumbh Mela in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, in January 2021. The gathering has a long history and draws large crowds from the world over, who come to take a ritualistic dip in the Ganga. An April 16 meeting, organised by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), the Water Ministry body overseeing the clean up of the river, discussed funds that would be needed by the Uttarakhand government for providing community toilets and urin

Lord Jagannath Temple

Lord Jagannath Temple Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra for Lord Jagannath was commenced recently. About Jagannath Puri Yatra Jagannath Puri Yatra is held at one of the Char Dhams called Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha. This festival is the most famous Vaishnavite ritual observed in India and abroad. On the occasion, devotees pray to three deities – Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Lordess Subhadra. For this festival, special chariots are built each year. Similar procession

Guru Ravidas

Guru Ravidas Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet-saint of the bhakti movement believed to be born in Varanasi. He taught the removal of social divisions of caste and gender and promoted unity in the pursuit of personal spiritual freedoms. He founded the 21st-century Ravidassia religion, by a group who previously were associated with Sikhism. He is devoted as a guru in the regions of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.


Donyi-Polo Donyi-Polo (also Donyi-Poloism) is the designation given to the indigenous religion, of animistic and shamanic type, of the Tani and other Tibeto-Burman peoples of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in North-eastern India. The name "Donyi-Polo" means "Sun-Moon", and was chosen for the religion in the process of its revitalisation and institutionalisation started in the 1970s in response to inroads made by Christianity and the possibility of absorption into Hinduis

Bon Bibi

Bon Bibi Bon Bibi is a deity of the Sunder ban forest, west Bengal. The followers of Bon Bibi are fishermen, crab-collectors and honey-gatherers who live in the mangroves with wild animals such as tigers and crocodiles to earn a livelihood. They believe that only Bon Bibi protects them when they enter the forest and survive in tiger-dominated areas. People express their belief in Bon Bibi through Bon Bibir Palagaan, it is a centuries-old folk theatre and dramatic storytelling form that is

Saudi Arabia opens first movie theatre after 35 years

Saudi Arabia opens first movie theatre after 35 years The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on April 18, 2018, opened its first public movie theatre, after over 35 years of prohibition for religious reasons.  The movie theatres were shut down in Saudi Arabia in the 1980s during a wave of ultra-conservatism in the country, as many of the clerics then viewed western movies and even Arabic ones as sinful. The development marks a major milestone for reforms spearheaded by Saudi Crown Prince Mohamm

Thotlakonda Buddhist destination

Thotlakonda Buddhist destination Historians and biologists campaign to protect the ancient Buddhist site of Thotlakonda - Home to around 90 species of birds. The site is found at a hill of Mangamaripeta Village, Bheemunipatnam Taluka of Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh. Significance of the site - In 1976, during a helicopter survey by the Indian Navy to set up a naval facility, ruins of the Buddhist site were spotted. Subsequently, the entire hill was declared as an area com


Sikhism Guru Nanak Devji (contemporary of Babur) created a separate sect Birthplace: Nankana Sahib (Pakistan). Gurudwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur, Pakistan: Guru Nanak Dev spent the last 18 years of his life. Hence Kartarpur corridor connect Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India's Punjab with Darbar Sahib in Pakistan's Narowal district. He advocated the 'Nirguna' form of bhakti. He rejected sacrifices, ritual baths, image worship, austerities


Sufism A book titled 'In Search of the Divine: Living Histories of Sufism in India' was recently published. What is Sufism? Sufism is a mystical form of Islam, a school of thought that emphasizes the spiritual search for God while rejecting materialism. It is a type of Islamic mysticism that emphasizes asceticism. There is a great deal of emphasis on devotion to God. Self-discipline is regarded as a necessary condition in Sufism for gaining knowledge of God through s


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