08 August, 2019
Defence Minister tweeted that India’s ‘future’ commitment to a posture of No First Use of nuclear weapons ‘depends on the circumstances’.
Background of NFU
India is one of the two countries that adhere to a doctrine of No First Use (NFU) along with China.
India has maintained that it will not strike first with nuclear weapons.
But India reserves the right to retaliate to any nuclear first strike against it (or any ‘major’ use of weapons of mass destruction against Indian forces) with a nuclear strike ‘that will be massive and designed to inflict unacceptable damage’.
How it benefited us
NFU simply raises the nuclear threshold in order to bring stability to a volatile environment.
The adoption of the nuclear doctrine came soon after Operation Parakram (2001-02).
The public adoption of the doctrine an attempt by India to restate its commitment to restraint and to being a responsible nuclear power.India used this restraint to repulse the intruders in Kargil and regain occupied land. despite India and Pakistan’s nuclear tests of 1998.It gave India the space for conventional operations and gained it sympathy in foreign capitals despite the fears of nuclear miscalculation. India’s self-proclaimed restraint brought it into the nuclear mainstream initial application for the waiver in 2008 from the Nuclear Suppliers Group membership of the Missile Technology Control Regime, the Wassenaar Arrangement, and the Australia Group's ongoing attempts to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
Need for change in stance
Source: The Hindu
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