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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 20 January, 2023

  • 7 Min Read

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022

  • ASER, a comprehensive citizen-led household survey, has been published. It offers a picture of children's education and learning in rural India.
  • The pandemic's effects on education are highlighted in the NGO Pratham's 17th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2022.

Findings of report:

Enrollment overall:

  • For the past 15 years, the enrollment rate for students aged 6 to 14 years has been above 95%. Despite the pandemic-related closure of some schools, overall enrollment climbed from 97.2% in 2018 to 98.4% in 2022.
  • Enrollment in government schools: From 65.6% in 2018 to 72.9% in 2022, the percentage of kids (aged 6 to 14) enrolled in government schools climbed significantly.
  • The percentage of girls aged 11 to 14 who are not enrolled in school nationwide in 2022 is 2%. Only in Uttar Pradesh does this number hover around 4%; in all other states, it is lower.

Basic Reading and Arithmetic Skills:

  • In India, young children in Classes 3 and 5 had much less proficiency in basic reading and math.
  • For most grades nationwide, children's fundamental math proficiency levels have fallen below levels from 2018. But compared to basic reading, the decreases are less abrupt and the picture is more complex.
  • Children's proficiency in reading basic English sentences has been roughly constant across the country for students in Standard V (from 24.7% in 2016 to 24.5% in 2022). For kids in Standard VIII, there have been slight improvements (from 45.3% in 2016 to 46.7% in 2022).

Student and teacher attendance:

  • The attendance of pupils and teachers has not significantly changed at the All-India level. Between 2018 and 2022, the average teacher attendance rate grew significantly, from 85.4% to 87.1%. Over the past few years, the average student attendance has been steady at 72%.

School Resources:

  • In 2022, 68.4% of schools had functioning girls' restrooms, up from 66.4% in 2018.
  • Over the same time period, the percentage of schools with access to drinking water went from 74.8% to 76%, and the percentage of schools where students use books outside textbooks increased from 36.9% to 44%.
  • From 26.4% in 2018 to 30.5% in 2022, more children in Standard I through VIII nationwide enrolled in paid private tuition programs.

About ASER:

  • An annual household survey conducted by citizens called the ASER tries to determine whether or not school-age children in rural India are enrolled and whether they are receiving instruction.
  • Since 2005, ASER has been done annually in all of India's rural districts. It is India's biggest citizen-led survey.
  • Urban areas are not included in the ASER because it is a rural study. ASER 2022 provided estimates of children's enrollment status and basic skills at the district, state, and national levels for almost 700,000 kids in over 19,000 villages across 616 districts in India.
  • At the national, state, and district levels, ASER surveys offered representative estimates of the enrollment status of children aged 3–16 and the basic reading and math skills of children aged 5–16.
  • ASER has significantly contributed to the fact that the topic of learning is now front and center in conversations and debates about education in India.
  • Numerous papers, including the World Bank's 2018 World Development Report and the NITI Aayog's Three-Year Action Agenda for 2017-18 to 2019-20, have incorporated ASER data.

Source: The Indian Express


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