×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-III :
  • 31 July, 2020

  • 7 Min Read

Antibiotic Use in Dairy Sector

Antibiotic Use in Dairy Sector

GS-PAPER-3 Health (Mains)

Recently, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) held an online meeting on antibiotic use in the dairy sector. The meeting was attended by experts from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), the World Health Organization (WHO), the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying), the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, (CDSCO) etc. The meeting highlighted that the milk sold directly to consumers and the processed milk sold in packets are not tested and stay largely unchecked for antibiotic residues.

  • India is the world's largest milk producer, and it also forms an integral part of Indian diets, especially of children’s.
  • It produced 188 million tonnes (MT) of milk in 2018-19.
  • Urban areas consume 52% of it and the unorganised sector, comprising milkmen and contractors, caters to 60% of this consumer base.
  • The remaining demand is met by dairy cooperatives and private dairies which represent the organised sector.

Concerns
Inadequate Focus on Testing: There is an inadequate focus on testing for antibiotic residues in the milk collected by State federations, which process it and sell it as packaged milk.

  • Extensive Misuse: Antibiotics are extensively misused in the dairy sector. Such chemical-intensive food leads to antibiotic resistance.
  • No Professional Help: Farmers often inject animals on their own judgment of signs and symptoms of a disease without any veterinary supervision.
  • Indiscriminate Usage: Dairy farmers indiscriminately use antibiotics for diseases such as mastitis (infection/inflammation of the udder) which is a common ailment in dairy animals.
  • The antibodies used by them often include Critically Important Antibiotics (CIAs) for humans.
  • The WHO has warned that the CIAs should be preserved in view of the growing crisis of antibiotic resistance.
  • Farmers often sell milk while the animal is under treatment, which increases the chances of antibiotic residues.

Easy Availability: The antibiotics are easily available without the prescription of a registered veterinarian and stocked at farms.

Source: TH


Group of Four (G4) on UNSC Reform

Group of Four (G4) on UNSC Reform Under the auspices of The Group of Four (G4), the External Affairs Minister of India met with his counterparts from Brazil, Germany, and Japan. Details about the news G4 discussed concerns pertaining to the UN Security Council reform during a meeting that took place alongside the 77th session of the

Draft Indian Telecommunication Bill 2022

Draft Indian Telecommunication Bill 2022 To control Internet-based OTT (Over-The-Top) telecom services, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) recently announced the draught Indian Telecommunications 2022 Bill. ?????????????? What are the Draft Bill's Main Points? The Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, Indian Wireless Telegraph

Fly Ash

Fly Ash The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has emphasised the urgent need for Chhattisgarh to increase the use and disposal of fly ash. ??????? About 15 state, national, and privately owned electricity generating units are concentrated in Korba, Chhattisgarh, makes the situation much more dire. What is Fly Ash? Burning

Breakthrough Agenda Report 2022

Breakthrough Agenda Report 2022 The UN Climate Change High-Level Champions, the International Energy Agency (IEA), and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) have launched The Breakthrough Agenda Report 2022, which focuses on international cooperation to accelerate greenhouse gas emission reductions. What are the Report

International Year of Millets 2023

International Year of Millets 2023 In preparation for the International Year of Millets in 2023, the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has planned a number of pre-launch activities and initiatives to raise awareness and encourage involvement in the nation about the illustrious but long-forgotten golden grains. Numerous initiatives

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts