UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 16 September, 2022

  • 9 Min Read

Artificial Sun

Artificial Sun

In recent years, South Korean scientists have developed an "artificial sun" in an effort to produce endless clean energy.

Details about the news

  • In their quest for clean nuclear energy, researchers from Seoul National University and the Korea Institute of Fusion Energy have made a significant advancement by building an "artificial sun" at the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) reactor.
  • According to reports, the reactor experienced 30 seconds of temperatures up to 100 million degrees Celsius.
  • In contrast, the sun's core reaches temperatures of about 15 million degrees.

Earlier attempts

  • Since 2006, Chinese researchers have been striving to create scaled-down versions of the nuclear fusion reactor.
  • The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) fusion energy reactor recently produced an artificial sun that was five times hotter than the sun for 1,056 seconds while operating at temperatures of 70 million degrees Celsius.


Electricity safety

  • Scientists hope that by simulating the sun's natural reaction, their technology could allow people to harness massive amounts of energy and combat the world's energy shortage.

Greener Energy

  • It is important to remember that our sun is powered by nuclear fusion, which is regarded as the ultimate source of energy.
  • Unlike the fission process employed in nuclear power plants and weapons, which breaks atomic nuclei into fragments, it joins atomic nuclei to produce enormous amounts of energy.
  • Contrary to the nuclear fission process that drives the creation of commercial nuclear energy, the procedure uses no fossil fuels and produces no hazardous waste.
  • Fusion produces no greenhouse emissions, in contrast to fission.

Less Risk of Disaster:

According to physicists, there is a much lower chance of a natural disaster.


  • maintaining a temperature of one billion degrees.
  • operating for a long time at a constant level.
  • Despite decades of research into the technique, nuclear fusion is still a long way from being realized outside of a lab.

China’s artificial Sun-EAST

  • China created and designed the nuclear fusion reactor plant.
  • Because it replicates the nuclear fusion reaction, which uses hydrogen and deuterium gases as fuel to power the real sun, the facility is known as a "artificial sun."
  • Since 2006, researchers from all around the world have used the EAST to carry out fusion-related studies.
  • The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) facility, which will become operational in 2035 and become the largest nuclear fusion reactor in the world, includes the EAST project.
  • The goal is to imitate nuclear fusion, the reaction that gives the sun its power.
  • In order to boil hydrogen isotopes into a plasma, fuse them together, and release energy, the EAST uses extremely high temperatures.
  • Over 150 million degrees Celsius are used to heat the fuel, causing it to condense into a hot plasma "soup" of subatomic particles.
  • The plasma is kept away from the reactor walls with the use of a strong magnetic field to prevent cooling and the loss of the plasma's ability to produce significant amounts of energy.
  • Deuterium and tritium, both of which are contained in hydrogen, combine to form the helium nucleus, which also yields a neutron and a tremendous amount of energy.

Nuclear Fission

  • Nuclei are torn apart through a process called nuclear fission (usually large nuclei).
  • High-speed neutrons and the substance's critical mass are needed.
  • In a fission reaction, splitting two atoms uses very little energy.
  • In nature, fission reactions are uncommon.
  • Many highly radioactive particles are created during fission.
  • The energy released during nuclear fusion is higher than the energy released during chemical reactions by a factor of a million.
  • A fission bomb commonly referred to as an atomic bomb or atom bomb, is one type of nuclear weapon.
  • A large nucleus will divide into gamma rays, free neutrons, and other subatomic particles by nuclear fission.
  • 235U and a neutron are typically involved in nuclear reactions.

Nuclear Fusion

  • It is a process in which lighter atoms come together to generate heavier atoms, releasing energy in the process.
  • The Sun and other stars are propelled by this process, which causes them to produce heat and light.


  • Helium is created when the atoms of Deuterium (H-2) and Tritium (H-3) mix (He-4). As a result, a free and quick neutron is also released.
  • The kinetic energy of the 'excess' mass left over after the fusion of the lighter deuterium and tritium nuclei powers the neutron.

Way Forward

Even while these are important advancements, there is still a long way to go before the world can witness an artificial sun that is completely operational

Also, Read - India and Mexico Relations

Source: The Indian Express

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India by CSE According to a recent report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India will experience some form of natural disaster almost every day in the first nine months of 2022. Between January 1 and September 30, 2022, India recorded 241 extreme weather events. About the evalu

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector The 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting was recently held in Mumbai. Indo-Norway collaboration in the GREEN MARITIME Sector The history of maritime trade with Norway dates back to 1600. Norway has technical expertise in the maritime sector, and India has enormous potentia

Arittapatti Village:Biodiversity Heritage Site

Arittapatti Village: Biodiversity Heritage Site In accordance with Section 37 of the Biodiversity Diversity Act, 2002, the Government of Tamil Nadu published a notification designating Arittapatti Village in Melur in the Madurai district as a biodiversity heritage site. The Biodiversity Heritage site is the first site to be nominated

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance Animal health issues in factory farming have a severe impact on food safety, the environment, and the climate, which can result in antibiotic resistance (AMR). Farming of pigs, cows, and birds in close quarters is known as factory farming or intensive food-animal farming. These are industr

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded. The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27)


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts