GLOBAL INNOVATION & TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE
GS-III – S&T (PT-MAINS-I.V)
Context: 9th Foundation Day of GITA, Union Minister of Science & Technology underlined how Global Innovation and Technology Alliance (GITA) served as a catalyst for nurturing innovation and industrial R&D.
Global Innovation & Technology Alliance (GITA) is a “not–for–profit” Section-8 Public Private Partnership (PPP) company.
It is promoted jointly by the T
IISER scientists identify the gene that greens plants
GS Paper III S&T (Prelims 2021)
What is the news?
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) have identified a gene that facilitates in the greening of plants by playing a crucial role in regulating the levels of protochlorophyllide — an intermediate in the biosynthesis of the green pigment chlorophyll.
The study was recently published in the prestigious U.K. journal New Phytologi
Mass spectrometry is an analytical method useful for calculating the mass-to – charge ratio ( m / z) of one or more molecules.
Using this, researchers can ionise or break down the compound into simple ions and then identify the molecules based on their masses.
The current process of ionisation requires electrical potential of a few kilo volts, heat or high energy ultraviolet lasers (UV-lasers).
But now, new method been developed soft ionisation using nanosheets which elimina
3 scientists share Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Americans Harvey J Alter and Charles M Rice, and British scientist Michael Houghton have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for the discovery of the hepatitis C virus.
The trio’s work helped explain a major source of blood-borne hepatitis that couldn’t be explained by the hepatitis A and B viruses.
Their discovery have essentially eliminated post-transfusion hepatitis in
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. has entered into a joint venture with Israel-based battery technology start-up Phinergy to develop aluminium-air technology based battery systems.
These batteries utilise oxygen in the air which reacts with an aluminium hydroxide solution to oxidise the aluminium and produce electricity.
These batteries are said to be a lower cost and more energy-dense alternative to lithium-ion batteries, which are currently in use in India.
These batteries can be used for
Union Minister for Science & Technology inaugurated the PRISM (Promoting Innovations in Individuals, Startups, and MSMEs) scheme recently.
About PRISM Scheme:
PRISM is an initiative of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research(DSIR), Ministry of Science and Technology.
To help an individual innovator to become a successful technopreneur.
It promotes, supports, and funds implementable and commercially viable innovations created for society.
Under the initiative
Tech developed for Improved Lithium-ion Battery Performance
Researchers from IIT Guwahati have developed a technique to improve the performance of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which power most of the portable devices used today.
The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded to Stanley Whittingham, John Goodenough and Akira Yoshino for work that led to the development of lithium-ion batteries.
These batteries are used in mos
Stem Cells research in India
Stem cells are special human cells that have the ability to develop into many different cell types (from muscle to brain). In some cases, they also have the ability to repair damaged tissues.
Stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body.
Self-renewal: They can divide and renew themselves for long periods.
Unspecialised: It does not have any tissue-specific structure that allows it to perform specialized functions.
A first-of-its-kind programme to promote women in the field of research and development through lateral entry was launched.
The programme called Women’s Involvement in Science and Engineering Research (WISER) program was launched by Indo-German Science & Technology Centre (IGSTC) for encouraging women researchers in joint R&D projects.
This program by IGSTC, a joint initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India and the Federal
DBT-National Brain Research Centre (DBT-NBRC) has recently developed project SWADESH - World’s First Brain Imaging Data & Analytics is a unique brain initiative focusing on certified neuroimaging, neurochemical, neuropsychological data and analytics that are made accessible to researchers for managing brain disorders.
SWADESH is the first large-scale multimodal neuroimaging database designed specifically for the Indian population with big-data architecture and analytics for