20 July, 2020
5 Min Read
Assam’s Flood and Management
GS-PAPER -1 Geography – Flood Management
The recent flood in Assam has led to heavy casualties, displacement of peoples and animals and destruction of property and environment. It has also led to inundation of 80% of the area of Kaziranga National Park.
Reason behind Floods:
Floods in Kaziranga’s Ecosystem:
Frequent Floods: Earlier, a big flood would come once in ten years, now they come every other year.
NH-37: When the flood water hits a certain level, the animal moves towards safer, higher ground in the Karbi Anglong hills. However, they have to cross NH-37 which cuts across the park, which leads to the killing of animals in road accidents. Animals are also killed by poachers who take advantage of their vulnerability.
Human-animal Conflict: Animals also move towards villages in floods, this leads to human-animal conflict.
Steps taken during Floods:
In the absence of long-term alternatives, the government has to invest in strong, durable embankments to ensure that the situation does not deteriorate every year. Kaziranga, with its rich grassland habitats, has a primary role to play in supporting the wildlife populations.
Emphasis needs to be put on securing animal corridors and ensuring a safe passage to the Karbi hills. Need for a landscape-scale conservation approach that recognises the value of the Karbi Anglong hills. The highlands of Karbi Anglong, where the animals take refuge, are the lifeline of the park during the floods.
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