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  • 21 June, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem

What is the issue?

The population of Rohingyas in Bangladesh as of now is 8,85,000 and the refugee population is increasing rapidly by 35,000 every year, which is a serious security implication for countries mainly in South Asia.

What is the Rohingya issue?

  • Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim group who live predominantly in the Rakhine state of Myanmar and speak the Bengali dialect.
  • The Rohingya are not recognized by the Myanmar government as an official ethnic group and are therefore not given citizenship under the 1982 Citizenship Law.
  • It is claimed that there were no Rohingyas in Myanmar before the British brought ‘Bengalis’ to Burma.
  • But there is sufficient proof to show that the Rohingyas pre-existed before the British-engineered migration, during the British occupation of the Myanmar State in 1823.
  • Even those who arrived in Burma post -1823 could not go back to Bangladesh, now they have no citizenship claims there.
  • This makes them a stateless people.

What about the involvement of Bangladesh in this issue??

  • Bangladesh has been providing food and shelter for the refugees and trying to create the condition in Myanmar for their safe return.
  • Till now from 2017 more than 700,000 Rohingya fled as the country’s military launched a massive campaign of terror against the community, including torture, mass executions, and gang rape.
  • The forcibly displaced ROHINGYA from Myanmar get settled in the Cox Bazar district in Bangladesh and underwent dramatic expansion.


  • According to the United Nations Refugee Agency there were 926,486registered Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh as of May 31, 2022.
  • A sharp increase in their population is witnessed in the camp due to peace, absence of violent persecution, assurance of food and medical care
  • Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a repatriation agreement in 2017 but both had not agreed on a concrete process or a deadline for completion of the repatriation.
  • In 2021 a tripartite virtual meeting was mediated by China, but the Myanmar military staged a coup and put the repatriation process on ice.


  • The rate of growth of the population is 1% in Bangladesh while the population of the Rohingya is growing at 6 to 7%.
  • The massive Rohingya population is putting a high burden on resources and the environment, besides creating conditions for criminal activity and friction in local society.
  • It carries a serious social and security implication for sensitive northeast India.
  • It also leads to an increase in crime such as kidnapping for ransom, petty theft, etc.
  • It also leads to an increase in organized crime and can increase extremist activity too.

Both Bangladesh and Myanmar have to sensitively handle this issue with a focus more on finding a long-term solution that will strengthen the security of both the nation and the entire region.

Source: The Hindu

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