31 October, 2019
The state of Jammu and Kashmir has been officially bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh with effect from October 31, 2019.
What is Article 370 and Article 35A ?
Article 370 grants an autonomous status to J&K, while Article 35A, incorporated into the Constitution in 1954, provides special rights and privileges to the citizens of the state.
In October 1947, the then-Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir signed the ‘Instrument of Accession’, which specified three subjects on which Jammu and Kashmir would transfer its powers to the government of India:
1. Foreign affairs,
2. Defence and
In March 1948, the Maharaja appointed an interim government in the state, with Sheikh Abdullah as the prime minister.
In July 1949, Sheikh Abdullah and three other colleagues joined the Indian Constituent Assembly and negotiated the special status of J&K, leading to the adoption of Article 370. The controversial provision was drafted by Sheikh Abdullah.
What is Article 370?
Possibility of issues after repealment of Article 35A:
Source: The Hindu
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