×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 07 June, 2020

  • 3 Min Read

China’s new code aims to curb land grabs

China’s new code aims to curb land grabs

Part of: GS-II- China (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)

It also focuses on giving greater independence to the country’s judiciary

Farmers in China have faced forced evictions and illicit land grabs for decades — sources of social unrest that the government is finally trying to address in a major shake-up of its property law. Millions of hectares of rural land were taken away from farmers in the past three decades and given to developers as China raced to urbanise, often with little or no compensation in return.

Important Points

  • “Land disputes trigger half of an estimated 1,00,000 social protests in China every year, making them the second leading cause for public unrest after labour disputes,” Ni Yulan, a lawyer who advocates for property rights of low-income families in Beijing, said.
  • Ms Ni has been jailed twice for her advocacy and is paralysed from the waist down, a result she says of beatings received during her detention.
  • China’s first-ever civil code approved by Parliament focuses on giving judges greater independence and curbing the influence of local officials, but the judiciary is still ultimately answerable to the Communist Party.
  • The guidelines have narrowed the interpretation of “public interest” to prevent abusive land grabs.
  • It also makes it mandatory for local governments to make public announcements on “all acts taken by the state in relation to private property”, thus making land transactions more transparent.

No punishment

But it does not stipulate any punishments for those illegally expropriating land or the rights of individual farmers to collective land, making it harder for families to seek compensation. The wide-ranging legislative package will come into effect on January 1. Local governments have taken away land from 1,00,000 to 5,00,000 farmers every year between 2005 to 2015 in violation of national land-use laws, according to a study by Qiao Shitong, property and urban law professor at the University of Hong Kong.

In China, land can only be owned by the state or collective organisations. Private individuals or businesses can only buy the right to use the land for up to 70 years. The civil code — for the first time — clarifies what will happen once a homeowner’s 70-year usage rights expire. The law affirms that land-use rights for residential homes will be automatically renewed after expiration but does not say whether owners need to pay for renewals.

Source: TH


Coal: Dominant energy source in India

 Coal: Dominant energy source in India Despite efforts to transition to renewable energy, coal will continue to be India's dominant energy source. What is the country's current energy capacity? According to Climate Action Tracker projections, fossil fuel accounts for more than half of the country's installed energy capa

Norms to Prevent False Online Reviews

Norms to Prevent False Online Reviews The Department of Consumer Affairs recently announced new regulations to protect consumers from "false and misleading reviews." It is part of the Bureau of Indian Standards norms, which will go into effect on November 25. Important Guidelines: E-commerce platforms will be required t

Development of Great Nicobar

Development of Great Nicobar The Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change recently approved an ambitious Rs 72,000 crore development project on the strategically important Great Nicobar Island. Over the next 30 years, the project will be implemented in three phases. About the proposal A greenfield city with an Interna

The Country's First Suicide Prevention Policy

The Country's First Suicide Prevention Policy Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recently announced the "National Suicide Prevention Strategy." It is the country's first of its kind, with time-bound action plans and cross-sector collaborations aimed at reducing suicide mortality by 10% by 2030. The strategy is consist

Non-performing assets

Non-performing assets According to RBI data, the mega write-off exercise has enabled banks to reduce their non-performing assets (NPAs) or defaulted loans by Rs 10,09,510 crore ($123.86 billion) over the last five years. However, banks have only been able to recover 13% of it so far. Concerning the news This massive write-off wou

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts