16 May, 2020
12 Min Read
Part of: GS-III- Economy- Bailout plan (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
This whole initiative is called Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. She said, PM Modi in his address to the nation had outlined his vision for a self-reliant India and exhorted the Indians to become vocal about our local products.
The Finance Minister said this vision was laid out after wide consultations with several sections of society. She said the focus will be on the factors of production, labour, land, liquidity and law.
She said it will improve the ease of doing business. The intention is to build and take local brands to a global level. She said Self-reliant India does not mean cutting off from the rest of the world.
Giving details about the package, Nirmala Sitharaman announced 3 lakh crore rupees of Collateral-free Automatic Loans for Businesses, including MSMEs. She said, to provide stressed MSMEs with equity support, Government will facilitate the provision of 20 thousand crore rupees as subordinate debt.
She also said that 50 thousand crore rupees equity infusion for MSMEs through Fund of Funds will be operated through a Mother Fund and few daughter funds. She said, this will help to expand MSME size as well as capacity. The Finance Minister also said that definition of MSMEs has been revised and investment limit will be revised upwards and additional criteria of turnover is also being introduced.
The Finance Minister also announced that Statutory PF contribution by employers has been reduced to 10 per cent from 12 per cent for three months from June to August to provide 6,750 crore rupees liquidity relief. For NBFCs, housing finance companies and Micro Financial Institutional reforms
Ms Sitharaman announced a sum of 30 thousand crore rupees for Non-Banking Financial Companies, Housing Finance Companies-HFCs and Micro Finance Institutions under a special liquidity scheme Further, 45 thousand crore rupees partial credit guarantee scheme 2.0 was also unveiled for NBFCs, HFCs, and MFIs with low credit rating to help them extend loans to individuals and MSMEs.
In a major announcement by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) and Tax Collected at Source (TCS) have been reduced by 25 per cent till 31st March of next year. This decision will increase the cash flow by over 50 thousand crore rupees benefitting common people. The date for filing the Income Tax return for the last financial year has also been extended till 30th November, while the last date for filing tax audits has been extended from 30th September to 31st October.
Providing relief to the construction companies, Central agencies like Railways, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and Central Public Works, has been asked to grant an extension of six months for the completion of work covering construction and other related contracts.
Real estate reforms
In a relief to real estate developers, Finance Minister also informed that the deadline for completion of projects will be extended by up to six months, treating the coronavirus outbreak as an event of 'force Majeure under the realty law RERA. Finance Minister informed that the Urban Development ministry will issue an advisory to all the States and Union Territories to treat the Covid-19 period event as force majeure. The move will benefit the real estate sector and agencies which have been entrusted to complete civil work.
For power sector
In a relief to Power Distribution companies, Finance Minister announced a liquidity flow of 90 thousand crore rupees to the PFCs and RECs. Vivaan se Vishwas scheme has also been extended up to 31st December without the obligation of any extra payment.
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman unveils the second set of relief measures under Aatma-Nirbhar
For migrants and the urban poor, the government announced affordable rental accommodation.
Government-funded housing in cities will be converted into Affordable Rental Housing Complexes under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, while both Government and Private bodies will be incentivized to develop Affordable Rental Housing Complexes on their land.
Under the MUDRA scheme, small businesses will be revamped through the 1,500 crore rupees interest subvention scheme. The government will also provide interest subvention of two per cent for the next 12 months for beneficiaries of the MUDRA-Shishu loan Yojana.
Benefitting the street vendors, a special credit facility of five thousand crore rupees has been announced. The decision aimed at benefitting over 50 lakh street vendors will also provide an initial working capital of up to 10 thousand rupees to the vendors.
Ms Sitharaman informed that Government is committed to spurring employment creation across the country. In it’s this endeavour, Funds from the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) have been channelized to generate employment in the tribal areas of the country. The Minister informed that proposals worth six thousand crore rupees to help generate employment for tribals for afforestation and plantation-related works are already under the pipeline.
In a major relief to middle-income families, the government also extended the Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) up to March next year. This move is seen to benefit around 2.5 lakh families and will also lead to an investment of over 70 thousand crores in the housing sector. Investment in the housing sector arising out of this decision will further help in the creation of jobs and will also stimulate demand for steel, cement, transport, and other construction material.
Ms. Sitharaman also enumerated a series of relief packages introduced by the government for rural India, since the onset of COVID-19 in the country. She informed that the government has sanctioned 25 lakh new Kisan Credit Cards with a loan limit of 25 thousand crore rupees.
Liquidity support has been extended to farmers by the 63 lakh loans amounting to 86 thousand 600 crores. She asserted that the refinancing of 29 thousand 500 crores by NABARD to cooperative banks and Regional Rural Banks in March and support of four thousand 200 crores provided under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund has boosted the rural economy. She also made a reference to the efforts to reach out to the urban poor by permitting states to utilize the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF). These funds amounting to nearly 11 thousand crores were utilized to set up shelters for migrant labourers and provide them with food and water
Finance Minister said, the Central Government is supporting a number of Self-Help Groups, which are indulged in the production of masks and sanitisers. She said, seven thousand 200 new self-help groups have been formed since 15th March to create employment opportunities.
Ms Sitharaman said the government is supporting migrant labourers who have returned to their home states by creating work under the MNREGA. Over two crore 30 lakh people have been given employment under this scheme across the different village panchayats in the country.
She also made a mention the hike in the Average wage rate of the labourers to 202 rupees from 182 in the last Financial Year. She informed that a special drive has been undertaken to enrol returning migrants and provide them jobs under the MNREGA.
The Minister also highlighted some of the measures already in place to benefit workers in the country including universalization of rights of minimum wages and their timely payment, issuance of appointment letters for all workers, and annual health check-ups for all employees among others.
The Minister said the third tranche, would focus on infrastructure and building capacities in agriculture and allied activities.
Creation of 1lakh crore agriinfrastructural Fund
The government will also launch a 20,000 crore rupees Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana for the development of marine and inland fisheries. Of this, 11,000 crore rupees will be earmarked for activities in marine, inland fisheries and aquaculture while 9,000 crore rupees for infrastructure creation such as fishing harbours, cold chains and markets. This will provide employment to over 55 lakh persons and double exports to one lakh crore rupees.
The Finance Minister said the ongoing National Animal Disease Control Programme for Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis will look at 100 per cent vaccination of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and pigs against Foot and Mouth Disease at an outlay of 13,343 crore rupees.
In addition to this, a 15,000 crore rupees Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund was announced to support private investment in dairy processing, value addition and cattle feed infrastructure.
The government has launched a 4,000 crore rupees fund to promote herbal cultivation in about 10 lakh hectares of area. The scheme will help generate 5,000 crore rupees income for farmers. Along the bank of Ganga, a corridor of medicinal plants will be developed over 800 hectares of area.
Another 500 crore rupees have been earmarked for beekeeping initiatives, helping 2 lakh beekeepers.
The government extended Operation Greens from tomato, onion and potato to all fruits and vegetables by providing an additional fund of 500 crore rupees. This money would go into providing subsidies on transportation from surplus to deficient markets as well as on storage including cold storage. Ms Sitharaman said the scheme will prevent distress sales by farmers.
The Finance Minister also announced an amendment to Essential Commodities Act to enable better price realisation for farmers. The amendment will be largely towards de-regulating certain crops, like potatoes, cereals, and onions. No stock limit shall apply for food processing units, value-addition corporations, and exporters.
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