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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 28 October, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Emission Gap Report 2022: UNEP

Emission Gap Report 2022: UNEP

The Recent publication of the "Emissions Gap Report 2022" by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Concerning the Report

  • The Report's current edition is its thirteenth.
  • Theme: The Closing Window: Climate Change Requires Rapid Social Transformation
  • Overview of the discrepancy between projected greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 and where they should be in order to prevent the worst effects of climate change.

Major Findings

  • The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement's goals have not been met by the entire world.
  • Right now, there is no plausible plan in place to keep global warming to less than 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
  • 55 per cent of the world's GHG (Greenhouse gas) emissions in 2020 came from the top seven emitters (China, the EU27, India, Indonesia, Brazil, the Russian Federation, and the United States of America) as well as international transportation.
  • Emissions have increased in 2021 in India and six other major emitters, surpassing levels prior to the 2019 pandemic.
  • 75 percent of all G20 members' emissions of GHGs are collectively to blame.
  • In 2020, the average global per-person GHG emissions were 6.3 tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e).
  • According to the report, in order to prevent a global catastrophe, emissions must be reduced by 45 percent.

Suggestions

  • Over the next eight years, the world must cut greenhouse gas emissions to previously unheard-of levels.
  • Alternative technologies are required in heavy industry to stop the increase in carbon intensity of global steel production.
  • To achieve the significant reductions required to limit GHG emissions by 2030, transformation is urgently required.
  • These percentages must reach 30% and 45% in order to be on the most cost-effective path to keeping global warming to 2°C or 1.5°C.

United Nations Environment Programme

  • It was founded in 1972 and is the top global environmental authority.
  • It promotes the cogent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the framework of the United Nations and sets the global environmental agenda.
  • Kenya's capital city is Nairobi.
  • Emission Gap Report, Global Environment Outlook, Frontiers, and Invest into Healthy Planet are some of the major reports.
  • Major campaigns include "Beat Pollution," "UN75," "World Environment Day," and "Wild for Life."

Source: The Indian Express


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