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  • 23 August, 2022

  • 9 Min Read

First HFC Bus indigenously Developed in India

First HFC Bus Indigenously Developed in India

Recently, India's first hydrogen fuel cell (HFC) bus was introduced by the Union Minister of State for Science and Technology.

A pilot facility for the synthesis of bisphenol-A, a crucial feedstock for the production of epoxy resins, polycarbonate, and other technical plastics, was also opened at the CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory (NCL).

Key Highlights of this Innovation

  • The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) and KPIT, an Indian multinational corporation, developed the HFC bus.
  • The National Hydrogen Energy Mission is in line with the release of this first HFC bus that was actually produced in India.
  • The bus is powered by a fuel cell that uses hydrogen and air to produce energy, and the only waste product is water. Consequently, it can be the most eco-friendly kind of transportation.
  • Fuel cell cars' great efficiency guarantees lower operating costs per kilometre than diesel-powered vehicles and could revolutionize freight in India.

Innovation Significant

  • This development is a component of the Prime Minister's Hydrogen Vision, which will provide self-sufficient renewable energy sources that are affordable and accessible, achieve climate change targets, and generate new businesses and jobs.
  • Green hydrogen is a superb source of clean energy that, among other things, makes it possible to significantly reduce emissions from the heavy commercial transportation sector.
  • There are nearly a million diesel buses operating on long-distance routes in India, and each one emits an average of 100 tonnes of CO2 every year.
  • Heavy commercial vehicles powered by diesel emit between 12 and 14 per cent of CO2 and particulate pollutants (which are decentralized emissions and hence difficult to capture).
  • Vehicles powered by fuel cells emit no greenhouse gases. Additionally, they operate at a cheaper cost per mile than diesel-powered vehicles.
  • India may change from being a net importer of fossil fuel energy to a net exporter of clean hydrogen energy through the use of such innovations.
  • Becoming a significant producer of green hydrogen and a provider of green hydrogen equipment, it will give India a leading position globally in the hydrogen industry.

Hydrogen Fuel Cells (HFC)

  • In a hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen is electrochemically transformed into electrical energy.
  • While fuel cells function similarly to the typical batteries used in electric vehicles, they don't run out of power and don't require an electrical source to refresh them.
  • As long as there is hydrogen available, they can keep making electricity.
  • One of the most effective fuel cells makes use of the water-forming interaction between hydrogen and oxygen.
  • HFC-powered vehicles have the benefit of emitting only water vapour and warm air from their tailpipes rather than any gaseous or particle pollutants.
  • Compared to cars with internal combustion engines, they are more efficient.
  • Hydrogen When it comes to refuelling, FCEVs have an edge over battery-powered EVs since they can fill up with hydrogen almost as quickly as internal combustion engines can with fossil fuels.

National Hydrogen Energy Mission

  • A National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHM) was established to create a roadmap for the use of hydrogen as an energy source in the Union Budget for 2021–22.
  • In order to provide a cleaner alternative fuel choice, it will take advantage of hydrogen, one of the most abundant elements on earth.
  • The project has the potential to change how we travel.
  • It will concentrate on producing hydrogen using renewable energy sources.
  • Connect the hydrogen economy with India's expanding renewable capacity.
  • In addition to assisting India in meeting its emissions targets under the Paris Agreement, the use of hydrogen will lessen its reliance on imported fossil fuels.

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Source: The Indian Express

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