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  • 10 August, 2021

  • 15 Min Read

Five principle framework for Maritime security

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will chair the High-level Open Debate on ‘Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation’ on 9th August. Shri Narendra Modi, would be the first Indian Prime Minister to preside over a UN Security Council Open Debate. He outlined 5 Principle Framework for Maritime Security. These are:

  1. The first was removing barriers to maritime trade. In this context, Mr. Modi highlighted SAGAR (‘Security and Growth for all in the Region’) — a 2015 Indian framework for regional maritime security.
  2. Maritime disputes “should be resolved peacefully and in accordance with international law,” adding that this was “extremely important for promoting mutual trust and confidence, and ensuring global peace and stability”. “It was with this understanding, and maturity, that India resolved its maritime boundary with its neighbour Bangladesh,” the Prime Minister said. Mr. Modi underlining the need for maritime disputes to be resolved peacefully is presumably aimed at China’s actions in the South China Sea, where it has militarised islands and unilaterally enforced its claims over disputed waters.
  3. The third principle was that countries jointly tackle maritime threats from non-state actors and natural disasters.
  4. Fourth, he said the maritime environment and marine resources needed to be conserved, highlighting pollution from plastic waste and oil spills.
  5. Fifth, Mr. Modi called for responsible maritime connectivity, saying a structure was required to boost maritime trade, with the development of global norms and standards.

The UNSC adopted a ‘Presidential [India’s] Statement’ which reaffirmed that the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) establishes the legal framework for maritime activities.

Source: TH

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