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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 14 June, 2022

  • 3 Min Read

GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022

GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022

The report highlights India’s continuous decline in Sustainable Development Performance. India ranked 120 out of 163 countries in 2022. In 2020 it ranked 117.

Sustainable Development Report is the global assessment of the country's progress toward achieving the sustainable development goal which is published by Sustainable Development Solution Network. (The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) is a nonprofit organization made by United Nations to promote and advance Sustainable Development Goals).

PERFORMANCE OF COUNTRY: Finland followed by Denmark and Sweden were the top three countries in the performance of the SDG index 2022.

It was Bangladesh and Cambodia which had progressed the most on SDG index since 2015 whereas Venezuela has declined the most since their adoption in 2015.

RANKING CRITERIA: Country are ranked by an overall score which are measure on the progress achieved in all 17 SDG . A score of 100 indicates that all SDG has been achieved.

HIGHLIGHT OF REPORT: SDG index world average has slightly decreased in 2021 for the second consecutive year due to impact of a pandemic on SDG1 (NO POVERTY) and SDG8 (DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH) and bad performance on SDG11-15 (CLIMATE, BIODIVERSITY and SUSTAINABLE URBAN GROWTH)

The other reason for SDG decline are geopolitical and military conflicts like war in Ukraine, as it has a massive humanitarian cost and also poses threat to food security and energy prices.

INDIA STATUS:

  1. India is now behind all South Asian nations except Pakistan which stands at 129.
  2. India rank declined as it face major challenges in achieving 11 SDG which includes zero hunger, good health and wellbeing, gender equality, sustainable cities and communities and providing quality education.
  3. India‘s poor performance in climate action is due to a decline in the performance of 8 states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Jharkhand, Telangana, and Rajasthan Andhra Pradesh Punjab and Jharkhand in the last 2 year also adds to its decline.
  4. The report added that states like Jharkhand and Bihar are least prepared to meet the SDGs by the target year 2030.

FOCUS SHOULD BE ON :

  1. New partnerships and innovations should be scaled up .
  2. The focus must be on science and technology innovations which help in identifying solutions in times of crisis and provide a constructive solution to address the major challenge.
  3. The investment in science and technology, research and development should be increased.
  4. Creation of more physical infrastructure in sectors like renewable energy, digital technology, health and education.

Collaboration and united effort by the countries are needed to achieve the SDG goals. Support of the developed countries in terms of finance, investment and transfer of technology to the developing countries can boost the adoption of Sustainable development Goals.

Source: The Hindu


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