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  • 15 August, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

Global Employment Trends for Youth: ILO

Global Employment Trends for Youth: ILO

A report titled "Global Employment Trends for Youth 2022: Investing in transforming futures for young people" was just released by the International Labour Organization (ILO).

Findings related to India:

Youth Employment Decline:

  • Compared to its value is 2020, the youth employment participation rate fell by 0.9% over the first nine months of 2021, while it rose by 2% for adults over the same period.
  • For extremely young people between the ages of 15 and 20, the situation is particularly dire.

Low Young Female Employment:

  • In 2021 and 2022, young women in India lost more relative jobs than young men did.
  • In general, the high youth unemployment rates in India raise the average unemployment rates around the world.
  • The proportion of young Indian men in the global labour force is 16%, compared to barely 5% for young Indian women.

Online Education Gap:

  • Of the 24 crore school-going children, just 8% of those in rural areas and 23% of those in urban areas have adequate access to online education during the 18-month school closures.
  • The vast majority of children from socioeconomically disadvantaged homes, who have extremely unequal access to online resources, have essentially no access to schooling.

Learning Regression:

  • When schools are closed, children not only lose what they have already learned but also there is a phenomenon known as "learning regression."
  • In India, children lost an average of 92% of their language core skills and 82% of their math foundational skills.

Less Pay for Teachers:

  • According to the report, teachers in non-state schools are frequently paid much less than those in public schools.
  • Between one-eighth and one-half of what their peers in the state sector are paid, teachers in low-fee private schools in India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Pakistan are paid.

Domestic work is Very Informal:

  • In India, domestic employment is a highly informal industry, with extremely poor pay and a high risk of abuse for young women and girls.
  • Young domestic workers frequently report being abused, verbally and physically as well as sexually.

Findings related to the world:

  • Young men are nearly 1.5 times more likely than young women to be working, according to the Employment-to-Population ratio (EPR), which shows that young women have a substantially lower EPR than young men do.
  • In contrast to 40.3% of young males, just 27.4% of young women are expected to be employed globally in 2022.

Youth Employment and the Pandemic:

  • COVID-19 Since early 2020, those between the ages of 15 and 24 have faced a significantly larger percentage loss in employment than adults, which has been made worse by the pandemic.
  • Youth unemployment is predicted to reach 73 million globally in 2022, a little increase from 2021 but still six million higher than the pre-pandemic figure of 2019.

Regional Variations:

  • It is anticipated that the recovery in young unemployment will differ between low- and middle-income countries and high-income ones.
  • By the end of 2022, only high-income nations are predicted to have young unemployment rates that are comparable to those of 2019.
  • The rates are anticipated to stay more than 1% above their pre-crisis levels in the other country's income groups.

Green and blue economies have several advantages.

  • The growth of the so-called green and blue economies focused on the environment and sustainable ocean resources, respectively, was ideally positioned to help young people.
  • By 2030, investments in clean and renewable energy, sustainable transportation, and other green and blue industries could generate an additional 8.4 million jobs for young people.

Employment and Internet Coverage:

  • If everyone in the globe has access to broadband by 2030, there might be a net gain of 24 million new jobs, 6.4 million of which would go to young people.
  • 17.9 million more jobs for young people would be created through investments in the care sector by 2030.


  • The promotion of fair working conditions for all young employees must go hand in hand with investment in many areas.
  • It is important to guarantee that young workers have access to essential rights and protections like freedom of association, the right to collective bargaining, equal compensation for like-kind labour, and freedom from workplace violence and harassment.
  • Young people should have access to healthy labour markets with respectable employment possibilities for those already employed as well as options for high-quality education and training for those who have not yet entered the workforce.

What is the International Labor Organization?

It is the sole triangular United Nations agency. It brings together the governments, companies, and employees of its 187 member States, of which India is one, to set labour standards, create regulations and create programs that support fair pay for all workers, male and female.

  • It was a 1969 recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Establishment: The Treaty of Versailles created the League of Nations Affiliated Agency in 1919.
  • Become the UN's first specialized affiliate agency in 1946.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland


  • World of Work Report
  • World Employment and Social Outlook Trends 2022
  • World Social Protection Report
  • Social Dialogue Report
  • Global Wage Report

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Source: The Hindu

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