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  • 25 August, 2021

  • 5 Min Read

Global Trends Report on Forced Displacements by UNHCR

Global Trends Report on Forced Displacements by UNHCR

  • The Global Trends Report is an annual report published by UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees).
  • The report counts and tracks the numbers of refugees, and internally displaced people. It also tracks people who have returned to their countries or areas of origin, asylum-seekers, stateless people, and other populations of concern.

Features of the Report

  • Around 82.4 million people were forcibly displaced, by the end of 2020. Reasons behind that were, persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations, and events seriously disturbing public order.
  • This is a 4% increase in forcibly displaced people when compared to 2019.
  • More than two-thirds of all people who fled abroad came from just five countries: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and Myanmar. Syria has been the top country of origin for refugees since 2014.
  • Turkey is hosting the largest refugee population worldwide for the seventh year in a row, It was followed by Colombia, Pakistan, Uganda, and Germany.
  • Climate change is also driving displacement and increasing the vulnerability of those already forced to flee.
  • Demographics: Children are particularly affected during displacement crises, especially if their displacement drags on for many years. They account for 30% of the world’s population, but an estimated 42% of all forcibly displaced people.
  • Covid-19: As of May 2021, more than 165 million people worldwide have been confirmed to have contracted COVID-19 since the first case was recorded in December 2019. People who have been forcibly displaced have been among the hardest-hit groups among them.

Source: Aspire IAS Notes

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