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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 08 September, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Importance of Regional Language

Importance of Regional Language

Image Source - Medium

The Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC) has emphasized the value of a child beginning to study their mother tongue at a young age for the development of their creative thinking.

Regional Languages

  • A language that has a sizable population but is not the official language of communication throughout the remainder of the nation is referred to as a regional language.
  • When the majority of the speakers of a language are concentrated in just one particular region of a state or country, such language is referred to as regional.
  • Even though Article 343(1) of the Indian Constitution specifies that Hindi in Devanagiri Script should be the official language of the Union

Need for Regional Language

  • Eliminate Confusion: To eliminate the conundrum of favouring the English language over any other vernacular language and allow the youngster to naturally think in their own tongue.
  • Colonial Mindset: We needed to alter our perspectives so that students who asked questions in regional languages in class would not be made to feel less intelligent.

Benefits:

  • Improvement in the specific subject: Studies from India and other Asian nations reveal that utilizing a regional language instead of English has a good effect on students' learning outcomes.
  • Students that study in their original tongue as opposed to English have been reported to perform better in the subjects of math and science.
  • Higher Participation Rates: Due to parental comfort with the mother tongue and higher attendance, motivation, and speaking confidence among students who are studying in their mother tongue, as well as improved parental involvement and support in their academics.
  • Numerous education experts have linked inadequate English proficiency to both student performance and dropout rates at prestigious engineering education institutes.
  • Additional Advantages for the Underprivileged: Students from remote areas or first-generation learners—those who are the first in their entire generation to attend school and get a degree—who can feel overwhelmed by foreign concepts in a foreign language—should pay particular attention to this.

Initiatives are taken by the Government

  • A committee was formed under the former Chief Justice of India to examine how institutions could offer legal education in regional languages. The University Grants Commission is in discussions with various regulatory bodies, such as the Bar Council of India, for the promotion of vernacular languages.
  • Regional language courses have also been added by the All India Council of Technical Education at ten colleges.
  • Additionally, it is collaborating with the Ministry of Education's High-Powered Committee on Indian Language Development to select experts and specialists in 10–12 different fields in order to either translate or rewrite books.
  • The regulatory body planned to produce 1,500 publications in regional languages across many subjects in the upcoming year.
  • The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology (CSTT) is funding the publication of university-level books in regional languages through publication grants.
  • The Central Institute of Indian Languages is responsible for carrying out the National Translation Mission (NTM) (CIIL).

Regional Language be Promoted in Education

  • Either regional languages would be adopted by educational institutions as a medium of instruction, or they would be used as a learning tool for English-medium students who might not be fluent in the language.
  • Technology: In the future, real-time translations in classrooms would be possible thanks to artificial intelligence-based technology.
  • National Education Policy: The National Education Policy 2022 places a strong emphasis on strengthening the mother tongue, which should be used as a language up to at least the fifth or eighth grade.
  • Additionally, it exhorts academic institutions to create study materials in local languages.

Constitutional Provisions related to Regional Language

  • Article 345: In accordance with the requirements of articles 346 and 347, the legislature of a State may adopt Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the State's official purposes, or any one or more of the languages now in use in the State.

  • Article 346: The official language for communication between a State and the Union as well as between States is the language that is authorised for use in the Union for official purposes.
  • For instance, if two or more States agree that Hindi should serve as their official language for communication, then such communication may take place in Hindi.
  • According to Article 347, the President may recognise a language as the official tongue of a particular state if he or she is convinced that a sizable portion of the population there favours doing so. Such recognition may apply to the entire state or just a certain region.
  • Article 350A: The availability of mother-tongue instruction at the primary level.
  • The installation of a Special Officer for linguistic minorities is provided by Article 350B.
  • A directive for the advancement of the Hindi language may be issued by the Union Government under Article 351.

Als0, Read - Mohenjo Daro UPSC

Source: The Indian Express


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