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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 28 October, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

Important Facts of Kerala

Important Facts of Kerala

Capital

Thiruvananthapuram or Trivandrum

Date of Formation

November 01, 1956

State Boundaries

Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry (Mahe)

Number of Districts

14

State Animal

Elephant

State Bird

Great Indian Hornbill

State Flower

Kanikonna or Indian laburnum or amaltus

State Tree

Coconut

Official Language

Malayalam

Major cities

Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam and Thrissur

Festivals

Onam, Thrissur Pooram, Sabarimala, Theyyam, Payippad Jelotsavam

Dances

Chavittunatakam, Kathakali, Kolkli, Koothu, Kutiyattam, Theyyam, Thirvathirakali, Ottamthullal, Chakyar Koothu, Mohiniyattam

Hill Station

Munnar

UNESCO sites

Nilgiri, Agasthyamalai, Western Ghats

Physical division

Nilgiri – Anamalai – Cardamon (North to South)

Beaches

  • Alappuzha Beach
  • Cherai Beach
  • Kovalam
  • Kozhikode Beach
  • Muzhappilangad Beach
  • Thirumullavaram Beach
  • Payyambalam Beach
  • Kannur Beach

Lakes

  • Sasthamkotta Lake
  • Vembanad Lake
  • Lakes of Alappuzha
  • Pookode Lake
  • Ashtamudi Lake
  • Punnamada Lake
  • Akkulam Lake
  • Mananchira
  • Veeran Puzha
  • Vellayani Lake
  • Paravur Kayal

Islands

Dharmadam Island, Kavvayi, Vypin, Gundu Island, Munroe Island, Valiyaparamba, Willingdon Island, Ezhumanthuruthu, Pulinkunnu

Waterfalls

Mulamkuzhi, Attukal, Cheeyappara, Thusharagiri, Kesari

National Park

  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Silent Valley National Park

Bird Sanctuary

  • Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary
  • Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
  • Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Biological Park

  • Agasthyavanam Biological Park

Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Begur Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peechi Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Biosphere Reserve

  • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  • Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

Dams

  • Malampuzha Dam
  • Walayar Dam
  • Banasura Sagar Dam
  • Parambikulam Dam

Tribes

Paliyan, Ulladan, Hill Pulaya, Rular, Kattunayakan, Koraga, Mudugar, Kadar

Inland Waterways

West Coast Canal or National Waterway No 3

Important Institution

  • Centre for water Resources development and management Kunnamangalam – Kozhikode (Kerala)
  • Bioinformatics Centre – Thiruvananthapuram
  • Centre for Development Studies – Thiruvananthapuram
  • National Centre for Earth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Bharat Bhavan, Nalanda, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Centre for Heritage Studies, Ernakulam
  • National Transportation Planning and Research Centre – Thiruvananthapuram
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology – Thiruvananthapuram

Agriculture

In the hills – rubber, tea, wattle, and coffee beside teak and rose wood.

Major Crops

Rice, Coconut, Rubber

Minerals

Iron Ore, Bauxite, Silica Sand, Magnesite

Wildlife animals & birds

Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Indian Sloth Bear, Kingfisher, Woodpecker, Jungle Fowl.

Kerala Tourism tagline

God’s own Country

Facts:

  • The first state to be declared as “Complete Digital State”.
  • Kochi, earlier known as Cochin, is popularly known as ‘Queen of the Arabian Sea’ and is also called ‘Gateway to Kerala’.
  • Edakkal caves in Arnbukutty Moun am have petroglyphs or rock carvings and are believed to have been made by Neolithic men.
  • Believed to be the oldest of all martial art forms, Kalaripayattu gets its name from lalari’ or school and ‘payattu’ or practice.
  • Kocchi is World’s first airport completely powered by solar energy
  • Coconut produces 2/3 of total production in India (56% form Kozhikode)
  • Black pepper – 95% of country’s production
  • Cardamom – Kerala’s share in the national production is 75% on upland mainly form Idukki, Wayanad
  • Tea – from 760mt to 1520mt Idduki and Wayanad
  • Coffee – Kerala’s share in the national production is 22%;
  • Rubber – Kerala’s share in the national production is 91%. 83% area of the Country under Rubber is in Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Ernakulam
  • Banana – Average crop duration 300 days
  • Kerala had been ruled by many powerful dynasties like the Cheras, Cholas and Pandayas.
  • Kerala is known to be the state with the highest literacy rate.
  • The streams of Kerala empty themselves into these lagoons.
  • Kozhikode is an important timber trading centre.
  • Alleppey is the biggest weaving and exporting centre of coir.
  • Trichur district is famous for diamond cutting and polishing industry.
  • Perambra (Trichur)-Rubber tyres are manufactured.
  • Vembanad Lake is designated as wet land under Ramsar convention.
  • Asthamudi Lake is a palm shaped lake with a unique wetland ecosystem and a Ramsar site.
  • Asthamudi Lake is the entrance to the famous backwaters of Kerala and the houseboat rides here are extremely famous.
  • Sasthamkotta Lake is the largest freshwater lake of Kerala and a Ramsar site.
  • The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986.
  • The Cheraman Juma mosque is supposed to be built during 629 AD by Malik Ibn Deenar.
  • Kannur-1st Zero landless district in the country
  • Malappuram – First e-literate district in the country
  • Alappuzha (Alleppey) is also known as ‘Venice of the East’
  • The Sasthamcotta Lake, the only major fresh water lake in the state is in Kollam District
  • The annual Nehru Trophy Boat Race takes place on the backwaters of Punnamada in Alappuzha.

Source: NCERT


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