Syllabus subtopic: Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent)
Prelims and Mains focus: about the details of the findings; about India’s gold reserves
News: The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has discovered gold deposits to the tune of around 3,000 tonnes in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh,
The gold deposits were found in Son Pahadi and Hardi areas of Sonbhadra distric
Rabi Crops Sowing
The area under the sowing reached 324 lakh hectares. The word ‘rabi’ in Arabic means winter. Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of rabi crops. Western temperate cyclones during winter provides the
Gains from rains: on monsoon performance
- So far, India appears to be having a good run with the monsoon. As of the most recent data available from the India Meteorological Department (IMD), rainfall during the season has been 14% more than what is usual for this period.
Monsoon pattern in India
- The month of June only accounts for about 17% of the monsoon rainfall spanning June-September.
- It is the month during which the monsoon sets in and that process can
What is Chillai Kalan?
The most severe part of the winter in Kashmir consists of three months. It is divided into three parts called the Chilas:- The Chillai Kalan, the Chillai Khurd, and the Challai Bache.
Chillai-Kalan is the 40-day period of harsh winter. Chillai-Kalan begins on December 21 and ends on January 31 next year.
Chillai-Kalan is followed by a 20-day long Chillai-Khurd (small cold) that occurs between January 31 and February 19 and a 10-day long Chillai-Bachha (baby
List of all valleys of India
Dzukou Valley wildfire
The wildfire at Dzukou Valley, straddling the Manipur-Nagaland border, has been doused after it raged for two weeks, officials said on Monday.
No fresh fire or smoke was visible.
The Dzukou Valley, situated at an average altitude of 2,452 metres, is a popular trekking destination known for its exotic flowers.
List of all valleys of India
Araku Valley = Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Vanadium reserves in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh, considered a sleeping hydropower giant, is likely to become India’s prime producer of vanadium, a high-value metal used in strengthening steel and titanium.
Exploration is carried out by the Geological Survey of India (GSI) has placed the eastern Himalayan State on the vanadium map of the country, and geologists are confident of identifying a deposit soon. India is a significant consumer of vanadium but is not a primary prod
Megacity plan for Little Andaman
The proposed construction of a mega financial-tourist complex on Little Andaman Island will place at risk a fragile ecosystem and result in habitat loss of the vulnerable Onge tribe and rare wildlife
A plan for the sustainable and holistic development of the 680 sq km, fragile Little Andaman Island in the Andaman and Nicobar group has raised the alarm among conservationists.
The ‘Sustainable Development of Little Andaman Island - Visio
Preliminary steps have been initiated to demolish the illegally constructed villas on Nediyathuruthu island in Vembanad Lake.
Vembanad is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in the state of Kerala.
Its a salt-water lake.
It is the second-largest Ramsar site in India only after the Sundarbans in West Bengal.
Kochi Port is built around Willingdon and Vallarpadam Islands on this lake.
The Government of India has identified the Vembanad wetland under the Nati
Aerial mapping of Islands by INCOIS
The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is planning to take the help of the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) for aerial mapping of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep to get a better picture of the ocean floor, also called ‘bathymetric’ study.
“NRSC has already done a similar high-resolution topographic Airborne Laser Terrain Mapping (ALTM) for the entire coastal areas of the country and we
Environment Minister inaugurates Atal Paryavaran Bhavan
The Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar, inaugurated the Atal Paryavaran Bhavan at Lakshadweep on February 19, 2021.
While inaugurating the Atal Paryavaran Bhavan, the minister said that, Lakshadweep will undergo a comprehensive development that too without compromising the UT’s commitment to nature.
He will also attend programmes at Suheli, Kadmat and Bangaram islands
India State of Forest Report, 2019
ISFR is an assessment of the country’s forest resources every two years by the Forest Survey of India.
Starting in 1987, ISFR 2019 is the 16th report.
The key findings of the ISFR 2019 are as follows:
The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
The tree cover of the country is estimated as 95,027 sq km which is 2.89% of the
Monsoon prediction for 2021
A good monsoon will aid agriculture, now one of the few bright spots in the economy
If everything aligns, India could see a third consecutive year of surplus rainfall.
The IMD has said that monsoon rains will likely be 101% of the Long Period Average (LPA) of 88 cm.
In 2020, it was 109% of the LPA and in 2019, 110%.
While the forecast 101% LPA is short of the rainfall received in these years and still within th
Operation Blue Freedom
A team of eight persons with disabilities created a new world record for the “largest number of people with disabilities” to scale the world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier, by scaling up to the Kumar Post at an altitude of 15,632 ft.
The team with disabilities was trained and led by CLAW Global, a team of Special Forces veterans who had left the service due to disabilities.
The expedition team climbed a total distance of 60 km atop the