UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 03 April, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

India Literacy Programme

India Literacy Programme

  • The "New India Literacy Programme" (NILP), a new centrally sponsored scheme that would be implemented across five years from the FYs 2022–2023 to 2026–2027, has been established by the government.


  • The program's target population of 5.00 crore nonliterates aged 15 and over
  • The Program consists of five parts:
    • (i) Foundational Reading and Numeracy,
    • (ii) Crucial Life Skills,
    • (iii) Development of Vocational Skills,
    • (iv) Basic Education, and
    • (v) Continued Education.
  • The assessors in the States/UTs identify the beneficiaries of the programme using a door-to-door survey on a mobile app.
  • Non-literate people can also benefit from the programme by directly registering through a mobile app from any location. The basic foundation of the programme is volunteerism in education.
  • The plan is mainly technologically driven and is primarily carried out online. The teaching tools and learning materials are accessible through mobile apps on the NCERT DIKSHA platform.

Basics of Literacy

  • Reading comprehension and mathematical problem-solving skills are referred to as FLN (such as addition and subtraction).


  • Improvements in school facilities, uniforms, lavatory accessibility, water availability, and textbook accessibility are still challenges in the classroom.
  • The allocation of non-teaching activities to teachers, teacher vacancies, and a lack of direct funding to schools all have a negative impact on education.
  • There is still a lack of a systematic approach to hiring excellent teachers and creating institutions for teacher education.
  • Initiatives like Nishtha, Pratham's Read India campaign, and other face-to-face or online teacher development programmes are less effective if there's poor governance.

Way Forward

By utilising technology, decentralising funding, and including the community in the process, basic literacy can be further improved.

Source: The Hindu

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Recently, Prime Minister announced Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana under which 1 crore households will get rooftop solar power systems. India’s Status of Current Solar Capacity India currently stands at 4th place globally in solar power capacity. As per Ministry of New an

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)- NGO 

The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010 (FCRA) registration of two prominent non-governmental organisations (NGOs) — Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and World Vision India (WVI) have been cancelled this month. What is FCRA? Key provisions of FCRA, 2010 Key aspects Description

Voice clone-AI

Voice clone fraud has been on the rise in India. AI voice cloning – It is the process of creating a synthetic replica of a person’s voice through machine learning and speech synthesis technology.It is called as voice deepfakesor audio deepfakes. Objective – To achieve a high level of na

Science communication- how to promote

Steps taken by India to promote Science Communication Publications and Information Directorate (PID) - An organisation under Council of Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1951 for publishing and disseminating scientific information in India. National science magazines- The PI

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to co


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links