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  • 03 April, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

India Literacy Programme

India Literacy Programme

  • The "New India Literacy Programme" (NILP), a new centrally sponsored scheme that would be implemented across five years from the FYs 2022–2023 to 2026–2027, has been established by the government.


  • The program's target population of 5.00 crore nonliterates aged 15 and over
  • The Program consists of five parts:
    • (i) Foundational Reading and Numeracy,
    • (ii) Crucial Life Skills,
    • (iii) Development of Vocational Skills,
    • (iv) Basic Education, and
    • (v) Continued Education.
  • The assessors in the States/UTs identify the beneficiaries of the programme using a door-to-door survey on a mobile app.
  • Non-literate people can also benefit from the programme by directly registering through a mobile app from any location. The basic foundation of the programme is volunteerism in education.
  • The plan is mainly technologically driven and is primarily carried out online. The teaching tools and learning materials are accessible through mobile apps on the NCERT DIKSHA platform.

Basics of Literacy

  • Reading comprehension and mathematical problem-solving skills are referred to as FLN (such as addition and subtraction).


  • Improvements in school facilities, uniforms, lavatory accessibility, water availability, and textbook accessibility are still challenges in the classroom.
  • The allocation of non-teaching activities to teachers, teacher vacancies, and a lack of direct funding to schools all have a negative impact on education.
  • There is still a lack of a systematic approach to hiring excellent teachers and creating institutions for teacher education.
  • Initiatives like Nishtha, Pratham's Read India campaign, and other face-to-face or online teacher development programmes are less effective if there's poor governance.

Way Forward

By utilising technology, decentralising funding, and including the community in the process, basic literacy can be further improved.

Source: The Hindu

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