UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 26 August, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

India and Egypt

India and Egypt


  • An Egyptian postage stamp commemorating the 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations with India was recently issued.
  • Egypt's acceptance of India's independence on August 18, 1947, barely three days after India's declaration of independence, marked the beginning of diplomatic relations between Egypt and India.
  • A fast broadening and deepening bilateral relationship is strengthened and stabilized by expanding Egypt-India economic and commercial ties.

India-Egypt Relations


  • In the past, commercial connections between Egypt and India grew along the banks of the rivers Nile and Indus, which is when India's interactions with Egypt first developed.
  • Under Nehru's direction: Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt co-founded the Non-Aligned Movement in 1955.
  • Nehru stood up for Egypt during the 1956 War to the point of threatening to expel his nation from the British Commonwealth.
  • Bilateral relations and the Friendship Treaty: The two countries grew further closer in the 1950s and signed the Friendship Treaty in 1955.
  • The historically strong bilateral ties between the two nations have recently gotten a boost from the regular interchange of high-level meetings and contacts between the two sides.

Trade & Commerce:

  • Egypt has long been among India's top trading partners on the continent of Africa.
  • The Most Favoured Nation provision is the foundation of the bilateral trade agreement between Egypt and India, which has been in effect since March 1978.
  • Raw cotton, made and unmanufactured fertilizers, oil and oil products, organic and inorganic chemicals, leather, and iron goods are among Egypt's main exports to India.
  • Sesame, lentils, coffee, herbs, and cotton yarn are among the top Indian exports to Egypt.
  • India also exports mineral gasoline, car components, ship, boat, and floating construction parts, frozen slices of boneless beef, and electrical machinery and components.
  • India is widely represented in practically all fields in Egypt.

Technical and scientific fields

  • In accordance with the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation Programme, Egyptian applicants visit India (ITEC).
  • A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation in the field of agricultural research was signed in 1998 by the ICAR and the Agricultural Research Center of the Ministry of Agriculture & Land of Egypt.

Cultural ties:

  • In 1992, Cairo saw the establishment of the Maulana Azad Center for Indian Culture (MACIC).
  • By implementing the Cultural Exchange Program, seeks to foster cultural collaboration between the two nations (CEP).
  • In addition to teaching Hindi, Urdu, and yoga, displaying films, and promoting Indian culture, the Centre also hosts cultural events.
  • The "India by the Nile" festival is a yearly cultural event in Egypt.
  • In a language that combines various cultural and artistic threads, it captures the spirit of India through classical, contemporary, performing, and visual arts, gastronomy, and popular culture.
  • The event is organized by M/S Teamwork Arts, a Delhi-based company, with funding provided by ICCR and the Ministry of Culture of Egypt.

The defence alliance:

  • With recent events like the Indian Navy ship's trip to Egypt, a month-long air force drill, and the leader of the Egyptian air force's trip to India, it is being revitalized.

About NAM

  • 120 nations that are not formally allied with or opposed to any major power bloc make up the forum.
  • It is the largest federation of states in the world after the United Nations.
  • Nearly two-thirds of the United Nations' members and 55% of the world's population reside in the nations that make up the Non-Aligned Movement.


  • The Non-Aligned Movement was formally founded in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in 1961, building on the tenets outlined at the Bandung Conference of 1955.

Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence:

  • Zhou Enlai and Nehru outlined the Panchsheel, or Five Principles, as a framework for Sino-Indian relations (five restraints).
  • The Non-Aligned Movement would later be founded on these ideas.

The five principles are:

  • Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty.
  • Mutual non-aggression.
  • Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
  • Equality and mutual benefit.
  • Peaceful co-existence.


  • It was the brainchild of Indonesian President Sukarno, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah, Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.


  • The worldwide non-alignment policy made significant contributions to decolonization, disarmament, and the fight against racism and apartheid in South Africa.
  • Throughout the duration of the Cold War, the movement remained.
  • After the Cold War ended in 1992, efforts have been made to forge multilateral links and ties as well as unity among the world's developing countries.

Also, Read - Bhitarkanika National Park

Source: The Indian Express

World bank logistic performance index 2023

India is now ranked 38th out of 139 nations in the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) 2023 of the World Bank. From its previous rankings of 44th in 2018 and 54th in 2014, this is a notable improvement. Earlier, the Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Report 2022 was published by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. About Logi

Smuggling of Gold

Airports discovered more than 63% of this illegal gold. The Department of Revenue Intelligence recently conducted the Golden Dawn Operation across India, seizing 101.7 kg of illegal gold valued at Rs 51 crore. Despite the fact that India receives a legal import of about 800-1,000 tonnes of gold each year, the illicit market is thought to be

India-Thailand Relations

Both parties expressed satisfaction with the ongoing bilateral defence cooperation at the 8th India-Thailand Defence Dialogue, which was held in Bangkok, Thailand. Cultural ties and mutual cooperation that have been shaped by thousands of years of lasting historical and cultural ties characterise India and Thailand relations. Highlight

Translocation of Elephants

The Kerala government's appeal of the order of the Kerala High Court is rejected by the Supreme Court. The Kerala government's appeal against the Kerala High Court's directive to move Arikomban (Wild Elephant), the "rice tusker" of Munnar, to the Parambikulam tiger reserve was recently dismissed by the Supreme Court.

Global Buddhist Summit

Global Buddhist Summit In order to improve diplomatic and cultural ties with other nations, the Ministry of Culture recently organised the First Global Buddhist Summit 2023 in collaboration with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC). About the summit "Responses to Contemporary Challenges: Philosophy to Praxis" is


Search By Date

Post Feed

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links