Web Directory gma Free Links Directory

UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 19 January, 2023

  • 6 Min Read

India and Maldives

India and Maldives

  • When the Maldives presidential election was just around the corner, the Indian External Affairs Minister (EAM) paid a visit to the country.


  • The Maldives' desire for stronger ties with China and India's fears over Chinese dominance in the area have strained the relationship in recent years.
  • Former president and head of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), Mohamed Nasheed, has voiced opposition to the incumbent president's (Solih) decision to compete for a second term inside his own party.
  • Although Solih explicitly supports "India First," he also takes pains to avoid offending China.
  • Yameen, who previously ran the "India Out" campaign, had a pro-China slant and said that the MDP government had betrayed the country by allowing Indian forces to be stationed there.
  • In this regard, the External Affairs Minister of India, S. Jaishankar, visited the Maldives to meet with the top officials there and signed a number of agreements, including development projects.

What occurred while the External Affairs Minister(EAM) was there?

  • Inaugurated the Indian-built Hanimadhoo airport in the Haaa Dahaalu atoll, which cost $136.8 million.
  • After the $500 million Greater Male Connectivity project, which seeks to link the capital of the Maldives to three neighbouring highlands, this is the second-largest infrastructure project in India.
  • Both are high-profile initiatives for Delhi that compete in size with the Male-Hulumale-Hulhule Bridge and the Hulumale Airport, both of which were built by the Chinese.
  • Both nations have agreed to provide 100 million Rufiyaa (the Maldivian currency) in aid for the High Impact Community Development Project (HICDP) program.
  • Inaugurated a community centre financed by India in the adjacent Shaviyani atoll's Foakaidhoo island.
  • The Ministry of Defense of the Maldives will get two maritime ambulances from India for use in emergencies and humanitarian crises.
  • India will contribute 10,000 textbooks, to be delivered in 260 schools in the Maldives
  • Construction of a sports centre in Gahdhoo and academic cooperation between Cochin University of Science & Technology and the Maldives National University.

How have relations between India and the Maldives been?

  • After the Maldives gained their independence in 1965, India was one of the first nations to recognize them and establish diplomatic ties with them.
  • One of the Maldives' closest allies and partners historically has been India.
  • India has helped the Maldives militarily, technically, and economically.

Security Partnership:

  • Defense cooperation includes joint exercises such as "Operation Shield," "Ekuverin," "Dosti," and "Ekatha" (begun in 2021).
  • For the Maldivian National Defense Force (MNDF), India offers the most training possibilities, covering over 70% of their needs in this area.

Economic collaboration:

  • The mainstay of the Maldivian economy is tourism. Some Indians now travel extensively to the nation, while others move there in search of employment.
  • The Greater Male Connectivity Project, the largest-ever infrastructure project in the Maldives, was contracted to an Indian company named Afcons in August 2021. (GMCP).
  • India is now the Maldives' second-largest trading partner after falling to fourth place in 2018. In 2021, bilateral trade increased by 31% from the previous year, overcoming hurdles brought on by the pandemic.
  • On July 22, 2019, RBI and the Maldives Monetary Authority concluded a bilateral USD currency swap agreement.

Rehabilitation Center:

  • Contract for the Addu reclamation and shore protection project of USD 80 million is signed.
  • A drug detox and rehab facility in Addu constructed with Indian assistance.
  • The rehab center is one of 20 high-impact community development initiatives that India is putting into place in sectors like healthcare, education, fisheries, tourism, sports, and culture.

Infrastructure Projects:

  • A brand-new terminal will be added to the Hanimaadhoo International Airport Development Project as part of an Indian credit line to accommodate 1.3 million passengers annually.
  • Indian External Affairs Minister opened the National College for Policing and Law Enforcement (NCPLE) in 2022.
  • The largest grant initiative carried out by India in the Maldives is NCPLE.


  • Political unrest: Tensions between the two nations and political unrest in the Maldives have resulted from a constitutional crisis and a change in leadership.
  • India is concerned about China's expanding influence in the Maldives, which includes significant infrastructure projects and financing.
  • Economic problems: The Maldives has been experiencing an economic crisis, which has caused development project delays and debt problems.
  • Radicalization: Over the past ten years or more, more Maldivians have become attracted to terrorist organisations like the Islamic State (IS) and jihadist groups based in Pakistan.

Way Forward

  • To guarantee regional security in South Asia and adjacent maritime borders, India must play a significant role within the Indo-Pacific security space.
  • The development of extra-regional powers (particularly China's) in India's maritime sphere of influence led to the creation of the Indo-Pacific security space.
  • India should make an effort to assert its leadership in the Indian Ocean region, but not at the expense of the Maldives supporting Chinese interests.

Source: The Indian Express

World bank logistic performance index 2023

India is now ranked 38th out of 139 nations in the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) 2023 of the World Bank. From its previous rankings of 44th in 2018 and 54th in 2014, this is a notable improvement. Earlier, the Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Report 2022 was published by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. About Logi

Smuggling of Gold

Airports discovered more than 63% of this illegal gold. The Department of Revenue Intelligence recently conducted the Golden Dawn Operation across India, seizing 101.7 kg of illegal gold valued at Rs 51 crore. Despite the fact that India receives a legal import of about 800-1,000 tonnes of gold each year, the illicit market is thought to be

India-Thailand Relations

Both parties expressed satisfaction with the ongoing bilateral defence cooperation at the 8th India-Thailand Defence Dialogue, which was held in Bangkok, Thailand. Cultural ties and mutual cooperation that have been shaped by thousands of years of lasting historical and cultural ties characterise India and Thailand relations. Highlight

Translocation of Elephants

The Kerala government's appeal of the order of the Kerala High Court is rejected by the Supreme Court. The Kerala government's appeal against the Kerala High Court's directive to move Arikomban (Wild Elephant), the "rice tusker" of Munnar, to the Parambikulam tiger reserve was recently dismissed by the Supreme Court.

Global Buddhist Summit

Global Buddhist Summit In order to improve diplomatic and cultural ties with other nations, the Ministry of Culture recently organised the First Global Buddhist Summit 2023 in collaboration with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC). About the summit "Responses to Contemporary Challenges: Philosophy to Praxis" is


Search By Date

Post Feed

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links