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  • 17 December, 2020

  • 2 Min Read

Indian Bison

Indian Bison

An Indian Bison, or Gaur, in Pune’s urban landscape, died due to human-animal conflict. It is mainly found in South and Southeast Asia.

Location: Native to South and Southeast Asia in India, they are found in Nagarhole, Bandipur, Masinagudi National Parks and BR Hills.

Conservation Status: Vulnerable in IUCN Red List. Included in the Schedule I of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972.

Important Facts: It is the tallest species of wild cattle found in India and the largest extant bovine. Recently, the first population estimation exercise of the Indian Gaur (Bison) was carried out in the Nilgiris Forest Division, Tamil Nadu. Recently, the conservation breeding of Gaur was started at Mysuru zoo under the conservation breeding programme of the Central Zoo Authority (CZA).


    • Food Scarcity: Due to the destruction in the grasslands, planting of commercially important trees, invasive plant species and indiscriminate grazing of domestic animals
    • Poaching: For their commercial value as well as due to the high demand of gaur meat.
    • Habitat Loss: Due to deforestation and commercial plantations.
    • Human-Animal Conflict: Due to living in proximity to human habitations.

In India, the Gaur is mainly found in the Western Ghats, the forests of central India and forest patches in the Northeast. It is listed in Appendix I of the CITES.

Source: PIB

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