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Romulus’ Krait: New Species of Snake

Romulus’ Krait: New Species of Snake A study of snakes in southern and western India has identified a new species of snake. Named the Romulus’ krait (Bungarus romulusi) after the ‘snake man of India’, Romulus Whittaker, the species has so far remained undetected because of its similarity in appearance to the common krait (B. caeruleus) and only a careful genetic analysis revealed that the two were distinct species. The study also showed that some kraits i

How do butterflies fly with such small bodies and large wings?

How do butterflies fly with such small bodies and large wings? Unlike any other flying animal, butterflies have unusually short, broad and large wings relative to their body size. By studying the aerodynamics of butterflies in a wind tunnel, researchers have now answered this question which has confused lepidopterologists (who study moths and butterflies) for years. The results suggested that butterflies use a clap technique which helps them take off rapidly. “When the wings cla

Leatherback Sea Turtle

Leatherback Sea Turtle  It is the largest of the seven species of sea turtles.  Other species are: Olive Ridley turtle, Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Loggerhead turtle, Leatherback turtle Except the Loggerhead, the remaining four species nest along the Indian coast. It is found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic. Within the Indian Ocean, they nest only in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is the only living species in the gen

Black-browed Babbler

Black-browed Babbler After a long time, a solitary black-browed babbler was spotted in south-eastern Kalimantan in Indonesian Borneo. This small brown-grey songbird was stout, with a relatively short tail and a robust bill with a black eye stripe running all the way around its head. This bird is often called 'the biggest enigma in Indonesian ornithology.' IUCN Red List - “Data Deficient” category.

Invasive Earthworm Species Found in Karnataka

Invasive Earthworm Species Found in Karnataka An exotic and highly invasive earthworm Amynthas Alexandria has been collected and reported for the first time from Karnataka. They are medium-to-large-sized, fast-moving worms, which have practically inhabited all the districts of Kerala. Their original home is in Southeast Asia.

Flowering of Bamboos in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

The flowering of Bamboos in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve The gregarious flowering of bamboo inside the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and the nearby Mudumalai Tiger Reserve and Gudalur forest division in Tamil Nadu. The life cycle of bamboo: Bamboo is a monocarpic (flowering occurs only once in the life cycle) plant belonging to the Poaceae family (grass family), and its flowering cycle varies from 40 to 60 years. The Bamboo flowers and die. Regeneration occurs from seeds after gre

500 METRE TALL CORAL REEF

500-METRE-TALL CORAL REEF Scientists have discovered a detached coral reef in the Great Barrier Reef of Australia taller than the Empire State Building of the United States. About the reef The newly discovered reef adds to the seven other tall detached reefs in the world. This includes Raine Island. Raine Island is the most important Green Sea Turtle nesting area in the world. What are Detached reefs? Detached reefs are the reefs that are bedded to the

Project RE-HAB-National Honey Mission

Project RE-HAB-National Honey Mission An initiative of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant-Human Attacks using Bees) intends to create “bee fences” to thwart elephant attacks in human habitations using honeybees. Project RE-HAB is a sub-mission of KVIC’s National Honey Mission. That is how the authorities intend to mitigate human-elephant conflict that seems to continue unabated in Kodagu and other parts of s

Seabuckthorn Plantations in Himanchal Pradesh

Seabuckthorn Plantations in Himachal Pradesh The Himachal Pradesh government has decided to start Sea Buckthorn Plantation in the cold desert areas. About Sea buckthorn: It is a shrub that produces an orange-yellow coloured edible berry. It is found above the tree line in the Himalayan region. It is generally in dry areas such as the cold deserts of Ladakh and Spiti. It is locally called Himalayan chharma and grows in the wild in Lahaul and Spiti and parts of Kinnaur.

Tiger Reserves in India

Tiger Reserves in India About Tiger Reserves: Tiger Reserves are protected areas that aim at conserving the habitat to ensure a viable population of the tigers along with their prey base in their habitat.                           Declared by: Tigers Reserves are declared by the National Tiger Conservation Authority via Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act,2006 under Project

Tulips in Jammu & Kashmir

Tulips in Jammu & Kashmir The Prime Minister through a tweet asked everyone to visit a tulip garden in Jammu and Kashmir. The garden is located at the foothills of the Zabarwan range. About the Tulip Garden: The tulip garden is located at the foothills of the Zabarwan range. It is Asia’s largest tulip garden, spreading over an area of about 30 hectares. This garden is home to more than 64 varieties of tulips in bloom. It was started in 2007 to boost floriculture and touri

New Red Alga found in Arabian Sea

New Red Alga found in the Arabian Sea Two new species of red seaweed - Hypnea indica and Hypnea bullata - have been discovered by marine biologists from the Central University of Punjab (The genus Hypnea includes red seaweeds.) Hypnea indica - Discovered from Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, and Somnath Pathan and Sivrajpur in Gujarat.  Hypnea bullata - Discovered from the Kanyakumari and Diu islands of Daman and Diu. Another species, Hypnea nidifica, has been found for the first tim

New Bird Species Nacaduba Sinhala Found

A group of lepidopterists discovers a new species of butterfly. It was named as “Nacaduba Sinhala Ramaswamii Sadasivan”. Note: A lepidopterist is a person who specializes in studying butterflies and moths. About the New Species:     It is a Line Blue Butterfly Species that belongs to the Nacaduba genus group. Line Blues are small butterflies belonging to the subfamily Lycaenidae. Their distribution ranges from India

New Small Freshwater Fish found- Schistura Hiranyakeshi

New Small Freshwater Fish found- Schistura Hiranyakeshi It is a new small freshwater fish species discovered near Amboli in Sawantwadi tehsil of Sindhudurg district. It is a rare sub-species of Schistura, a freshwater loach. Named after the Hiranyakeshi River near Amboli village, this fish is a colourful fish that lives in water and streams in an abundance of oxygen. It was important to conserve this species as it might face extinction due to fishing activities. Jammu and Kashm

Recent Dolphin Census Report Released

Recent Dolphin Census Report Released The Odisha State Forest and Environment Department released the final data on the dolphin census that covered almost the entire coast of Odisha. Key Findings: The number of dolphins increased by 311 in Odisha taking the total number up to 544 Dolphins. In the 2020 census, there were a total of 233 dolphins in the Odisha state. Census recorded three species of Dolphins: Irrawaddy, bottle-nose, and humpback dolphins. Irrawaddy Dolphins: The pop

National Award for Excellence in Forestry

National Award for Excellence in Forestry The National Award of Excellence for Outstanding Research in Forestry for the year 2019 has been awarded to Kannan C S Warrier, a scientist at the Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB). This award is conferred by the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE). The award has been awarded to Kannan C S Warrier for releasing three salt-tolerant productive clones of Casuarina that are suita

Culex Mosquito

Culex Mosquito With the change in season and rise in temperature, culex or common house mosquitoes have made reappearance across Delhi. Unlike Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which spread dengue and chikungunya and breed in clean water, culex mosquitoes breed in unclean stagnant water. Culex mosquitoes are known as carriers or vectors of diseases such as Japanese encephalitis, West Nile Virus and Lymphatic filariasis. They bite by detecting body heat and carbon dioxide that humans exh

Operation Olivia

Operation Olivia Every year, the Indian Coast Guard’s “Operation Olivia”, initiated in the early 1980s, helps protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting from November to December. The Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) is listed as vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red list. All five species of sea turtles found in India are included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildli

Everything about Coral Reefs

Everything about Coral Reefs Coral Polyp is a living animal living in a symbiotic relationship with zooxanthellae algae.  Corals are actually white and they receive their colours and Energy from zooxanthellae algae.  The coral polyp provides Algae with a Protected Environment. Productivity of Estuaries > Swamp, Marshes, Wetlands > Coral Reefs > Equatorial and Tropical rainforests > Savannah. Coral reefs are CaCO3 (L

186 elephants killed on rail tracks in over 10 years

186 elephants were killed on rail tracks in over 10 years Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elephant Reserves (ER are declared by the Center) Singhbhum ER in JH is the 1st ER in India. Karnataka has the highest Elephants followed by Assam

Elephants

Everything about: Elephants Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elephant Reserves (ER are declared by Center) Singhbhum ER in JH is the 1st ER of India. Karnataka has the highest Elephants followed by Assam & Kerala. Singphan ER = Nag

Common survey to count elephants and tigers

Common survey to count elephants and tigers Why in news? From December, India will move to a system that will count tigers and elephants as part of a common survey in 2022. This will be for the first time that Tiger and Elephants will be counted in a single survey. The tiger survey is usually held once in four years and elephants are counted once in five years. According to the most recent 2018-19 survey, there were 2,997 tigers in India. According to the last count in 2017, ther

Red Panda

RED PANDA An ambitious program has been started by the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan zoological park to release 20 Red Pandas in about five years to the forest. About Red Panda In the world, there are only two different panda species the Giant pandas and the Red pandas. The red panda is the state animal of Sikkim. India is the home to both subspecies of Panda which is the Himalayan red panda and the Chinese red panda, both found in the forest of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and th

SNOW LEOPARD

SNOW LEOPARD A study on snow leopards has thrown up interesting insights into the elusive mountain cat and its prey species by the Zoological Survey of India. The studies highlighted the relationship between habitat uses by Snow Leopard, Siberian ibex and blue sheep under the National Mission on Himalayan by Zoological Survey of India. It mainly aimed at examining how the predator used habitat in the presence or absence of its prey species and vice-versa. The key highlight of the

FIRST ASIAN RECORD OF LIGHT MANTLED ALBATROSS

FIRST ASIAN RECORD OF LIGHT MANTLED ALBATROSS Asia’s first sighting of the Light Mantled Albatross, a species native to the Antarctic has been spotted on the Rameswaram coast. The researchers feel a change in atmospheric pressure could have been among the reason for the albatross to land on an Indian shore. About Albatross They have nasal tubes on the upper bill called naricorns, though with albatrosses these are on the sides of the upper mandible rather than the top.

INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY AND CONSERVATION MEASURES

INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY AND CONSERVATION MEASURES Every year on 29TH July International Tiger Day is celebrated. The first International Tiger Day was celebrated in the year 2010 after it was found that 97% of all the wild tigers had disappeared in the last century, with about only 3,000 of them remaining. Aim: the aim is to halt the numbers from worsening as well as the preservation of these species, the day also aims to protect and expand their habitats. Conservation status of t

Wildlife Protection Amendment Bill 2021

Wildlife Protection Amendment Bill 2021 The Lok Sabha passed by voice vote the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Bill-2021 which seeks to provide for the implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). It also seeks to amend the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. The objective of the bill Prohibition of hunting, Protection and management of wildlife habitats, Establishment and control of trade in parts and pro

Rock Agama

Rock Agama Researchers from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) conducted a survey to determine the precise locations of the rock agama in and around Bengaluru. About rock agama It is a particular kind of garden lizard that is widely distributed in southern India. It is a big animal with eye-catching orange and black colouring. They need to find external sources of heat, such as a heated rock or a sunny area on the wall, as they cannot produce their own body heat. They a

Megalodon

Megalodon According to research, ancient Megalodon sharks were able to devour a whale in a few bites. About Megalodon Otodus megalodon is its scientific name. It is a mackerel shark species that were extinct millions of years ago. In the past 23 million to 2.6 million years, it inhabited the waters. It was the biggest shark to ever traverse the oceans of the planet. Description Around 70 tonnes, or the equivalent of 10 elephants, would have been the weight of the

International Whale Shark Day

International Whale Shark Day Save the Whale Shark Campaign was recently launched in Mangaluru by the Delhi-based nonprofit Wildlife Trust of India (WTI) along the states of Karnataka, Kerala, and Lakshadweep. International Whale Shark Day is celebrated on August 30, 2022, with the slogan "The Future of Sharks: Guardians of Our Seas." Save the Whale Campaign In cooperation with the Forest and Fisheries Departments of Karnataka, Kerala, and the Lakshadweep administrat

Red-eared Slider Turtle

Red-eared Slider Turtle Concern has been raised over the red-eared slider turtle, an invasive species, showing up in Kerala's public water bodies. Image Source - Scroll About The main issue is that it not only devastates the aquatic habitat (leading to the extinction of native species), but it also harbours bacteria that are dangerous to humans. It is therefore recognized as a significant invasive alien species. Of the 356 turtle species recognized worldwide, 29 freshwat

Emperor Penguin

Emperor Penguin According to a significant evaluation of environmental pollution near the South Pole, there is no evidence of microplastics in Emperor penguins. It is the largest penguin in the order (Sphenisciformes). Of all the living penguin species, it is also the tallest and heaviest. Geographical Presence: Antarctica-Specific Endemic IUCN Status: Close to Endangered.  About Penguin They are a flock of water birds without wings. World Penguin Day is commemora

Great Indian Bustards

Great Indian Bustards (GIB) The recent sighting of Great Indian Bustards (GIBs) deep in Pakistan's Cholistan desert has fueled speculation that the endangered birds may have flown across the border from India's Desert National Park (DNP). What Are the Most Important Facts About the Great Indian Bustard (GIB)? The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), Rajasthan's state bird, is considered India's most critically endangered bird. It is regarded as the flagshi

Rhinoceros Horn Shrinkage

Rhinoceros Horn Shrinkage According to a British Ecological Society study, rhinoceroses horns may have shrunk over time. Reasons for Horn Shrinkage Rhinos' horns, which are highly valued in some cultures, have long been hunted. The decreasing horn length across species over time, possibly due to hunting selective pressure and evolution. Important Fact: Keratin, the main component of human hair and fingernails, is used to make rhino horns. More on the Research

Gangetic River Dolphin

Gangetic River Dolphin Dolphins have begun to return to the Ganga River as the quality of its water has improved due to the Namami Gange Programme. Regarding the Gangetic River Dolphin The Ganges River dolphin was formally discovered in 1801. In 2009, they were designated as India's National Aquatic Animal. About Freshwater dolphins: The Gangetic River dolphin is one of the world's four freshwater dolphin species. The other three are the baiji of China'

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