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Romulus’ Krait: New Species of Snake

Romulus’ Krait: New Species of Snake A study of snakes in southern and western India has identified a new species of snake. Named the Romulus’ krait (Bungarus romulusi) after the ‘snake man of India’, Romulus Whittaker, the species has so far remained undetected because of its similarity in appearance to the common krait (B. caeruleus) and only a careful genetic analysis revealed that the two were distinct species. The study also showed that some kraits i

How do butterflies fly with such small bodies and large wings?

How do butterflies fly with such small bodies and large wings? Unlike any other flying animal, butterflies have unusually short, broad and large wings relative to their body size. By studying the aerodynamics of butterflies in a wind tunnel, researchers have now answered this question which has confused lepidopterologists (who study moths and butterflies) for years. The results suggested that butterflies use a clap technique which helps them take off rapidly. “When the wings cla

Leatherback Sea Turtle

It is the largest of the seven species of sea turtles.  Other species are: Olive Ridley turtle, Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Loggerhead turtle, Leatherback turtle Except the Loggerhead, the remaining four species nest along the Indian coast. It is found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic. Within the Indian Ocean, they nest only in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is the only living species in the genus Dermochelys and family Dermoc

Black-browed Babbler

After a long time, a solitary black-browed babbler was spotted in south-eastern Kalimantan in Indonesian Borneo. This small brown-grey songbird was stout, with a relatively short tail and a robust bill with a black eye-stripe running all the way around its head. This bird is often called 'the biggest enigma in Indonesian ornithology.' IUCN Red List - “Data Deficient” category.

Invasive Earthworm Species Found in Karnataka

An exotic and highly invasive earthworm Amynthas alexandri has been collected and reported for the first time from Karnataka. They are medium-to-large-sized, fast-moving worms, which have practically inhabited all the districts of Kerala. Their original home is Southeast Asia.

Flowering of Bamboos in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

The gregarious flowering of bamboo inside the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and the nearby Mudumalai Tiger Reserve and Gudalur forest division in Tamil Nadu. Life cycle of bamboo: Bamboo is a monocarpic (flowering occurs only once in the life cycle) plant belonging to the Poaceae family (grass family), and its flowering cycle varies from 40 to 60 years. The Bamboo flowers and die. Regeneration occurs from seeds after gregarious flowering. Seeds have no dormancy, and they can under

500 METRE TALL CORAL REEF

500 METRE TALL CORAL REEF The scientists have discovered a detached coral reef in the Great Barrier Reef of Australia taller than the Empire State Building of the United States. About the reef The newly discovered reef adds to the seven other tall detached reefs in the world. This includes the Raine Island. Raine Island is the most important Green Sea Turtle nesting area in the world. What are Detached reefs? Detached reefs are the reefs that are bedded to t

Project RE-HAB-National Honey Mission

Project RE-HAB-National Honey Mission An initiative of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Project RE-HAB (Reducing Elephant-Human Attacks using Bees) intends to create “bee fences” to thwart elephant attacks in human habitations using honeybees. Project RE-HAB is a sub-mission of KVIC’s National Honey Mission. That is how the authorities intend to mitigate human-elephant conflict that seems to continue unabated in Kodagu and other parts of s

Seabuckthorn Plantations in Himanchal Pradesh

The Himachal Pradesh government has decided to start Sea Buckthorn Plantation in the cold desert areas. About Sea buckthorn: It is a shrub that produces an orange-yellow coloured edible berry. It is found above the tree line in the Himalayan region. It is generally in dry areas such as the cold deserts of Ladakh and Spiti. It is locally called Himalayan chharma and grows in the wild in Lahaul and Spiti and parts of Kinnaur. Benefits of Seabuckthorn Plantation: It

Tiger Reserves in India

6 tigers are unaccounted for in the Ranthambore tiger reserves in Rajasthan, since March 2020. NTCA has constituted a committee in this regard. About Tiger Reserves: Tiger Reserves are protected areas that aim at conserving the habitat to ensure a viable population of the tigers along with their prey base in their habitat. Declared by: Tigers Reserves are declared by the National Tiger Conservation Authority via Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act,2006 under Project Tiger. P

Tulips in Jammu & Kashmir

The Prime Minister through a tweet asked everyone to visit a tulip garden in Jammu and Kashmir. The garden is located at the foothills of the Zabarwan range. About the Tulip Garden: The tulip garden is located at the foothills of the Zabarwan range. It is Asia’s largest tulip garden, spreading over an area of about 30 hectares. This garden is home to more than 64 varieties of tulips in bloom. It was started in 2007 to boost floriculture and tourism in Kashmir Valley. About

New Red Alga found in Arabian Sea

Two new species of red seaweed - Hypnea indica and Hypnea bullata - have been discovered by marine biologists from Central University of Punjab (The genus Hypnea includes red seaweeds.) Hypnea indica - Discovered from Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu, and Somnath Pathan and Sivrajpur in Gujarat.  Hypnea bullata - Discovered from Kanyakumari and Diu island of Daman and Diu. Another species, Hypnea nidifica, has been found for the first time in Indian coasts. The genus Hypnea consists of

New Bird Species Nacaduba Sinhala Found

A group of lepidopterists discovers a new species of butterfly. It was named as “Nacaduba Sinhala Ramaswamii Sadasivan”. Note: A lepidopterist is a person who specializes in studying butterflies and moths. About the New Species:     It is a Line Blue Butterfly Species that belongs to the Nacaduba genus group. Line Blues are small butterflies belonging to the subfamily Lycaenidae. Their distribution ranges from India

New Small Freshwater Fish found- Schistura Hiranyakeshi

It is a new small freshwater fish species discovered near Amboli in Sawantwadi tehsil of Sindhudurg district. It is a rare sub-species of Schistura, a freshwater loach. Named after the Hiranyakeshi River near Amboli village, this fish is a colourful fish that lives in water and streams in an abundance of oxygen. It was important to conserve this species as it might face extinction due to fishing activities. Jammu and Kashmir Lakes Srinagar’s Dal Lake along with five ot

Recent Dolphin Census Report Released

The Odisha State Forest and Environment Department released the final data on the dolphin census that covered almost the entire coast of Odisha. Key Findings: The number of dolphins increased by 311 in Odisha taking the total number up to 544 Dolphins. In the 2020 census, there were a total of 233 dolphins in the Odisha state. Census recorded three species of Dolphins: Irrawaddy, bottle-nose, and humpback dolphins. Irrawaddy Dolphins: The population of Irrawaddy dolphins jumps from

National Award for Excellence in Forestry

National Award for Excellence in Forestry The National Award of Excellence for Outstanding Research in Forestry for the year 2019 has been awarded to Kannan C S Warrier, a scientist at Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB). This award is conferred by the Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE). The award has been awarded to Kannan C S Warrier for releasing three salt-tolerant productive clones of Casuarina that are suit

Culex Mosquito

Culex Mosquito With the change in season and rise in temperature, culex or common house mosquitoes have made reappearance across Delhi. Unlike Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which spread dengue and chikungunya and breed in clean water, culex mosquitoes breed in unclean stagnant water. Culex mosquitoes are known as carriers or vectors of diseases such as Japanese encephalitis, West Nile Virus and Lymphatic filariasis. They bite by detecting body heat and carbon dioxide that humans exh

Operation Olivia

Operation Olivia Every year, the Indian Coast Guard’s “Operation Olivia”, initiated in the early 1980s, helps protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting from November to December. The Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) is listed as vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red list. All five species of sea turtles found in India are included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildli

Everything about Coral Reefs

Coral Reefs Coral Polyp is a living animal living in a symbiotic relationship with zooxanthallae algae.  Corals are actually white and they receive their colors and Energy from zooxanthallae algae.  Coral polyp provides Algae with protected Environment. Productivity of Estuaries > Swamp, Marshes, Wetlands > Coral Reefs > Equatorial and Tropical rainforests > Savannah. Coral reefs are CaCO3 (Limestone) material. 

Everything about: Elephants

Everything about: Elephants Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elephant Reserves (ER are declared by Center) Singhbhum ER in JH is the 1st ER of India. Karnataka has the highest Elephants followed by Assam & Kerala. Singphan ER = Nag

186 elephants killed on rail tracks in over 10 years

186 elephants killed on rail tracks in over 10 years Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elephant Reserves (ER are declared by Center) Singhbhum ER in JH is the 1st ER of India. Karnataka has the highest Elephants followed by Assam & Ker

Elephants

Everything about: Elephants Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elephant Reserves (ER are declared by Center) Singhbhum ER in JH is the 1st ER of India. Karnataka has the highest Elephants followed by Assam & Kerala. Singphan ER = Nag

Common survey to count elephants and tigers

Why in news? From December, India will move to a system that will count tigers and elephants as part of a common survey since 2022. This will be for the first time that Tiger and Elephants will be counted in a single survey. The tiger survey is usually held once in four years and elephants are counted once in five years. According to the most recent 2018-19 survey, there were 2,997 tigers in India. According to the last count in 2017, there were 29,964 elephants in India. Since 20

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