UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 30 March, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

Indian Border Management

Indian Border Management

  • The Ministry of Defence underlines the importance of keeping a close eye on the northern and western coastlines and borders.


  • The Indian defence minister emphasised the necessity for re-strategic planning at the Navy Commanders Conference aboard INS Vikrant due to the dynamic nature of the global environment.
  • The discussion stressed the unpredictable nature of upcoming confrontations and the need for ongoing surveillance throughout the entire coastline and on the northern and western borders.
  • India's economy is predicted to undergo a transformation thanks to the defence industry, which is predicted to get orders worth more than $100 billion over the next five to ten years.

Data and Fact

  • India shares its more than 15,000 kilometres of land border with seven other nations (Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, and Afghanistan).
  • It also boasts a 7,500 km long coastline. So, it becomes crucial that we build the ability to defend our border regions with numerous nations with which we have very different security connections and in a variety of terrains.
  • In the case of India, boundaries are exceedingly complicated and practically every sort of extreme topography is present at various borders, including deserts, agricultural regions, marshy marshes, and tropical evergreen jungles.

What is Border Management

  • One of the main goals of border management is to protect the country's borders from forces that are antagonistic to it and to set up procedures that can thwart them while promoting legal trade and commerce.

Challenges to Border Management

  • Ineffective border management: The military and police forces that protect Indian borders continue to answer to various ministries at the federal level and in the states, making the role of border management difficult and resulting in duplication of effort by the security forces.
  • Vital infrastructure is absent in many border areas, which also prevents the deployment of high-tech equipment. Examples of such infrastructure include observation towers, bunkers, border flood lights, and others.
  • Inadequate intelligence and resource efficiency: Due to inadequate intelligence capabilities and significant resource shortages, security personnel are ill-prepared to undertake border operations.
  • Geographical obstacles: It is difficult to keep constant monitoring due to the hard topography of India's northern and western borders, which includes mountains, deserts, and forests.
  • Ethnic disputes and separatist movements: As a result of illegal immigration, several Border States' demographics have altered, and there has been a change in the ethnic makeup of localities, which has made the issue worse.
  • Overpopulation in border regions: On the Indian side of the border, certain localities have a population density of 700–800 people per square kilometre, and 1,000 people or so on the Bangladesh side.
  • India's security is impacted directly or indirectly by the political unrest and instability in its surroundings. The likelihood of proxy conflict between India and Pakistan increases.
  • Attempts at infiltration: Because the borders are permeable, they are open to attacks from smugglers, terrorists, and other criminals.

Need for Border Management

  • India's sovereignty is protected in part by vigilant guarding of its borders and coastline, which serve as the first line of defence for the nation.
  • Economic development: India's ports and coastal regions are crucial for the country's development, and vigilance is necessary to maintain their safety and security.
  • Disaster management: In coastal locations, natural disasters like cyclones and tsunamis can result in significant property damage and fatalities.
  • National security: A number of nations, including some with which India has a history of hostility, border India.
  • To preserve national security and ward off any security concerns, these regions require ongoing attention.

Government Step to Secure Border

  • Deployment of forces
  • An anti-infiltration grid is formed by the deployment of the Indian Army and BSF in several tiers.
  • The installation of various surveillance tools and the border barrier have reduced intrusions.
  • The surgical strikes carried out by our armed forces in response to terrorist acts backed by Pakistan's ISI were successful in conveying our military's unwavering commitment to combating the threat of terrorism and proxy conflicts.
  • Using contemporary technology To effectively monitor the border, the government has put sophisticated technology like unmanned aerial vehicles, radars, and sensors to use.
  • Border security forces have been strengthened by the government, which has also given them improved tools and training. These forces include the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and the Border Security Force (BSF).
  • More than 100 projects in border regions, the most of which were close to the Chinese border, were completed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
  • India is moving more quickly to complete the Nimu-Padam-Darcha axis, which will make it easier for troops to travel from various regions of the nation to Ladakh.
  • Cross-border connectivity: To increase the security of the border regions, the government is also concentrating on enhancing cross-border connectivity through road, rail, and air networks.
Various recommendations for proper border management
  • If borders are to be effectively administered, the "Single Point Control" or "One-Force-One-Border" principle must be followed. Effective control is impossible with divided roles.
  • As and when contemporary surveillance assets can be routinely delivered to the formations deployed forward, developments in surveillance technology can serve to keep a constant vigil along the LAC and enable the reduction of physical deployment.
  • Similar to this, having more helicopter units at hand will improve aerial observation quality and the capability of moving troops to quickly take up defensive positions when required.
  • The other central paramilitary forces (CPMFs), such as the BSF and ITBP, should be able to resume their core function of better border management as a result of the Central Reserve Police Force's (CRPF) recent designation as the nation's counterinsurgency force.
  • Additionally, it is advised that the army should exercise direct command over all paramilitary troops in charge of uncontrolled borders.
  • To improve the operational efficacy of the paramilitary forces, there should be lateral induction from the army.
  • The national security apparatus currently deals with more border management issues than just external threats to India's security.
Way Forward

The government should settle any outstanding border conflicts with its neighbours before they become threats to national security. The border patrol should not be diverted from its main duty and assigned to other internal security responsibilities

Source: The Hindu

World bank logistic performance index 2023

India is now ranked 38th out of 139 nations in the Logistic Performance Index (LPI) 2023 of the World Bank. From its previous rankings of 44th in 2018 and 54th in 2014, this is a notable improvement. Earlier, the Logistics Ease Across Different States (LEADS) Report 2022 was published by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. About Logi

Smuggling of Gold

Airports discovered more than 63% of this illegal gold. The Department of Revenue Intelligence recently conducted the Golden Dawn Operation across India, seizing 101.7 kg of illegal gold valued at Rs 51 crore. Despite the fact that India receives a legal import of about 800-1,000 tonnes of gold each year, the illicit market is thought to be

India-Thailand Relations

Both parties expressed satisfaction with the ongoing bilateral defence cooperation at the 8th India-Thailand Defence Dialogue, which was held in Bangkok, Thailand. Cultural ties and mutual cooperation that have been shaped by thousands of years of lasting historical and cultural ties characterise India and Thailand relations. Highlight

Translocation of Elephants

The Kerala government's appeal of the order of the Kerala High Court is rejected by the Supreme Court. The Kerala government's appeal against the Kerala High Court's directive to move Arikomban (Wild Elephant), the "rice tusker" of Munnar, to the Parambikulam tiger reserve was recently dismissed by the Supreme Court.

Global Buddhist Summit

Global Buddhist Summit In order to improve diplomatic and cultural ties with other nations, the Ministry of Culture recently organised the First Global Buddhist Summit 2023 in collaboration with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC). About the summit "Responses to Contemporary Challenges: Philosophy to Praxis" is


Search By Date

Post Feed

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links