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  • 21 January, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

Indian Star Tortoise

Indian Star Tortoise

  • An extensive loss in the genetic diversity and habitat of the Indian Star Tortoise (Geochelone elegans) has been linked to illegal commerce and ill-informed translocations, according to a recent study.
  • The study urges the use of scientific breeding and argues for an appropriate conservation strategy to deal with the species' fragmented distribution.

What are the Indian Star Tortoise's Key Facts?

  • Habitat: Indian star tortoises can be found all throughout the Indian subcontinent, notably in West Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Central and Southern regions of India.
  • It frequently inhabits arid, open environments including grasslands, scrub woodlands, and rocky outcrops.


  • The species is dealing with two problems: one is a threat to its habitat, and the other is a loss of genetic diversity.
  • An growing amount of urbanization and agricultural operations have a significant impact on the species' extremely fragmented habitat.
  • The genetic diversity of Indian star tortoises has been reduced as a result of the subsequent hybridization of these species over time.
  • Additionally, according to the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau, the foreign pet market accounts for 90% of the traffic in star tortoises.

Protection Status:

  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
  • Wild Life Protection Act 1972: Schedule IV
  • Schedule IV: This list is for species that are not endangered. It includes protected species but the penalty for any violation is less compared to Schedules I and II.
  • Convention on International Trade in Species (CITES): Appendix I.

Source: The Hindu

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