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Young Champions of the Earth

Young Champions of the Earth An Indian entrepreneur is among the seven winners of UN Environment Programme’s (UNEP) “Young Champions of the Earth” 2020 prize. This award is given to spot global change-makers between the ages of 18 and 30 and support their ideas to save the environment. Seven champions are selected from each global region: Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, West Asia and two from Asia and the Pacific. This prize, launched b

Western Ghats - UPSC

Western Ghats - UPSC Context: UPSC Mains GS Paper III (Prelims Mains Interview) Madhav Gadgil Report, 2011 It defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the purposes of ecological management. It proposed that this entire area be designated as ecologically sensitive area (ESA). Within this area, smaller regions were to be identified as ESZ I, II or III based on their existing condition and nature of  threat. Hence 64% area would fall under ESZ I or II or

National Marine Turtle Action Plan

The Ministry of Environment has released National Marine Turtle Action Plan in which A&N Islands are given prominent importance.  According to the plan, India has identified all its important sea turtle nesting habitats as ‘Important Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Areas’.  These areas have been included in the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) – 1. South Bay and West Bay on Little Andaman and Galathea on Great Nicobar, are mentioned as “Important Marin


A new technology for ecological restoration (Bio-restoration) was developed by Indian scientists. It is helping in revival of mangroves degraded due to rising sea levels, climate change and human intrusion in the Sunderbans, West Bengal. The Sundarbans is a protected wetland under the Ramsar Convention and is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. Ecological restoration means reviving native ecosystem in degraded areas while maintaining diversity of original flora and fauna through reg

Manas National Park

Manas National Park: Manas national park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve. It is located in the Himalayan foothills in Assam. It is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. The name of the park is originated from the Manas River. Significance: The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog. It is also f

Dumping Inert Waste in Bhatti Mines

SDMC is seeking permission to dump material in 3 former mining pits in the sanctuary and one outside it. Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary It is located on the Southern Ridge of Aravalli Hills, one of the oldest mountain systems of the world. It is the part of the Northern Aravalli leopard wildlife corridor. It is the green lung & carbon sink for New Delhi. It provides a potential shelterbelt for arresting the shifting of sandunes & protection of desert storms. As it is lo


THEODORE BASKARAN WON SANCTUARY LIFETIME SERVICE AWARD 2020 S. Theodore Baskaran who is a writer, a historian, a naturalist and an activist has won the Sanctuary Lifetime Service Award, 2020. The award was instituted by the Sanctuary Nature Foundation. Theodore on Conservation Theodore is of the view that any conservation initiative should be in local language in order to gain momentum as a people’s movement. He was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award (Iyal Virudhu)

Biosphere Reserves and their significance- UPSC Exam

Biosphere Reserves and Significance- UPSC Exam This topic helps you to cover: Biosphere reserves (BSR) in detail. Understand UPSC pattern of Questionnaire. Get a mental map of bio sphere reserves linking them with physiography, climate, tribes, flora and fauna of the region.   Salient Features of  Biosphere Reserves: It comprises of terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems People are integral component of the system. T

Animals of India - UPSC

Animals of India India has some of the world's most Biodiverse regions, encompassing a wide range of biomes–desert, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests, swamplands, plains, grasslands, areas surrounding rivers, as well as island archipelago. It hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes group of Islands), with numerous endemic species. Important facts about Wildlife and Protec

Tiger Reserves and Tiger Census- UPSC

Tiger Reserves and Tiger Census           Tigers are at the top of the food chain and are sometimes referred to as “umbrella species" that is their conservation also conserve many other species in the same area.           More than 80% of the world’s wild tigers are in India, and it’s crucial to keep track of their numbers. India’s five tiger landscapes are: Shivalik Hills

International Ranger Award Winner from Rajaji Tiger Reserve

Mahinder Giri, a range officer from Rajaji Tiger Reserve won the prestigious International Ranger Award. He is the only ranger from Asia to win this award recently. About the International Ranger Award: The International Ranger Award was created in 2020. It is conferred by The IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas(WCPA) in collaboration with the International Ranger Federation, Global Wildlife Conservation, and Conservation Allies. The award aims to highlight the extrao

Bar Headed Geese

Bar Headed Geese with a Mongolian Band   Wildlife Science and Conservation Center of Mongolia follows unique conservation methods like banding. The band consists of details like: Color of band- This green color band   Conservation center name- Wildlife Conservation and Science Center in Mongolia Where is found- Salt lake near Tsakhir soum in province Arkhangai of the Central Mongolia. Capture location- N48.126314, E99.143451. Details of Bird- This bird was i

Indian Rhino Vision 2020

Indian Rhino Vision 2020 (IRV 2020) ended with the release of two rhinos. An adult male and a female rhino transported to Assam’s Manas National Park from Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary. Indian Rhino Vision Plan 2020: Indian Rhino Vision Plan 2020 was launched in 2005. The vision of IRV was: Increase the Rhino Population in Assam from about 2000 to 3000 by 2020. Ensure that one horned rhinos are spread over seven protected areas in the Indian state of Assam by the year 202

Indus and Ganges River Dolphins Detected to be 2 different species

According to an analysis of the Indus and Ganges River dolphins, it was found they are not one but two separate different species. What is the current classification? Currently, Indus and Ganges River dolphins are classified as two subspecies under South Asian river dolphins(Platanista gangetica). What has the analysis revealed? The researchers examined the DNA samples of the Indus and Gangetic River Dolphins. They found out that the Indus and Ganges river dolphins have cle

Biodiversity Heritage Sites in India: UPSC PRELIMS

Biodiversity Heritage Sites in India: UPSC PRELIMS GS-Paper-3: Environment– UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application Context: BHS are areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems - terrestrial, coastal, and inland and marine waters - having rich biodiversity. Maharashtra government declared an area at Amboli in Western ghats in Sindhudurg district as a Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS). More Envi Information: http://www.wiienvis.nic.in/Database/bhs_8650.aspx BHS are a

Jammu and Kashmir Lakes

Jammu and Kashmir Lakes Srinagar’s Dal Lake along with five other ones in Jammu and Kashmir are to be declared protected wetlands. Wetland Information: https://www.aspireias.com/upsc-related-facts-and-data/Ramsar-sites-Wetlands-in-India-Quick-facts Other lakes - Wular Lake, Nigeen Lake in the Kashmir region; Sanasar Lake, Manasbal Lake and Purmandal lake or Chotta Kashi (in Samba district) in the Jammu region. The decision was taken in the meeting of the Jammu and Kashmir Wetla

India’s First “Disc Footed Bat found in Meghalaya

Researchers from the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have discovered India’s first disc footed bat near the Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya. About Disc Footed Bat: This bat (Eudiscopus denticulus) is a bat species that is very different. It has a flat skull, prominent disk-like pads in the thumb, and bright orange colouration. This bat rests inside bamboo internodes. Their sticky disks and flattened skull help them in this. So far, this species only thrive i

Black Softshell Turtle Conservation in Assam

Black Softshell Turtle Conservation in Assam A major temple in Assam has signed a memorandum of understanding with two green NGOs, the Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden and the Kamrup district administration for the long-term conservation of the rare freshwater black softshell turtle or the Nilssonia nigricans. A vision document 2030 was also launched after Turtle Survival Alliance India and Help Earth signed the pact involving the Hayagriva Madhava Temple Committee. The tem

Danube Sturgeon- Illegal Selling

Danube Sturgeon- Illegal Selling According to a report released by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), illegal sale of Danube Sturgeon, one of the most endangered species in the world, is rampant in the lower Danube (River) region, especially in Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. Danube is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga. It rises in the Black Forest mountains of western Germany and flows for some 2,850 km to its mouth on the&n

India now has 10 Blue Flag beaches

In yet another recognition of India’s commitment to protect and conserve the pristine coastal and marine ecosystems through holistic management of the resources the globally recognized and the coveted International eco-label "Blue Flag”, has accorded the Blue Flag Certification for 2 new beaches this year –Kovalam in Tamil Nadu and Eden in Puducherry beaches. What are Blue Flag beaches? Blue Flag certification is a globally recognised eco-label accorded by &qu

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