01 April, 2021
7 Min Read
GS-Paper-3: Economic issue and Economics Optional – UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application
Context: India, according to the 'Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2021: Towards post-COVID-19 resilient economies', is estimated to record economic growth of 7 per cent in 2021-22, over a contraction of 7.7 per cent witnessed in the previous fiscal on account of the pandemic's impact on normal business activity.
News: India’s 2021 economic output, however, is expected to remain below the 2019 level despite a robust reduction in new Covid-19 cases and the start of vaccine roll-out. India entered the pandemic with already subdued GDP growth and investment. Moreover, one of the most stringent lockdowns in the world caused the severe economic disruptions that the country experienced in the year 2020.
A subsequent change in lockdown policies and success in reducing infection rates supported an impressive economic turnaround in the later months of 2020.
Challenges: The report mentions two major challenges for India on its path to faster recovery
Observation Regarding Asia Pacific Countries:
Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific
Produced annually since 1947, the Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific is the oldest United Nations report on the region’s progress.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
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