07 February, 2020
2 Min Read
Syllabus subtopic: Indian Economy and issues relating to Planning, Mobilization of Resources, Growth, Development and Employment.
Prelims and Mains focus: about import tariff regime in India; amended proposed to it and its implications
News: Some of the budget proposals have the potential to revive the import substitution regime of the pre-1991 liberalization era. The old regime, which sought to protect domestic industries, bred an uncompetitive manufacturing sector. Mint explains the pitfalls of protectionism.
Tariffs in India vis-a-vis other countries
At 11.7%, India’s weighted average tariff is much higher than that of South Korea, the US and Japan. India was also way behind these countries in terms of machinery and transport equipment exports.
How are import tariffs expected to change?
Will duty hikes push up domestic prices?
Will there be unintended consequences?
Yes. Empowering government officials to take decisions on individual items raises the scope for corruption and policy errors. The outdated items on which customs duty has been withdrawn include CD writers, MP3/MP4/MPEG 4 players, and pre-recorded and audio cassettes. This also affects cassettes used by blind students and CDs used for educational purposes.
Will officials get more power and control?
Will the economy turn more competitive?
Rare Earth Elements The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has urged the government to encourage private mining in the sector and diversify supply sources in light of India's reliance on China for rare earth minerals imports. Despite having 6% of the world's rare earth reserves, India produces only 1% of global output and import
Rooftop Solar Installations According to Mercom Research India, rooftop solar capacity installations in India fell 29% to 320 megawatts (MW) in July-September 2022. What are the Results? Cumulative Installations: As of the end of the third quarter of 2022, cumulative rooftop solar (RTS) installations stood at 8.3 GW. Gujarat overtook
Plastic's Life Cycle According to a recent document titled "The Plastic Life-Cycle," India is not properly collecting and recycling its polymer waste. The document emphasized that the problem will not be solved unless the entire life cycle of plastic, from source to disposal, is considered as the root cause of the pollution it
Russia’s Advanced Fuel Option for KKNPP Rosatom, Russia's state-owned nuclear energy corporation, recently offered a more advanced fuel option to India's largest nuclear power plant in Kudankulam (KKNPP), Tamil Nadu. It will be able to run its reactors for an extended two-year cycle without stopping to load new fuel.
Project Great Indian Bustard The Supreme Court (SC) recently requested that the Centre review the concept of 'Project Great Indian Bustard (GIB)' to save endangered birds. Important Points: The Supreme Court established a three-member committee to evaluate the feasibility of laying high-voltage underground power cables. T
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